Skin problems and allergic reactions from the most unpredictable things are common in the world today. In fact, it is also possible to get a reaction from one of the things that were included in your daily life suddenly.
A good example of it is the allergic reaction some people might experience after wearing latex gloves even if they have been wearing them for different purposes for the many past years without any such incident.
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However, you might confuse symptoms of other infections and diseases with such allergies and sensitivities from food, materials, metals, and chemicals from your household items or products included in your beauty routine.
Infections, on the other hand, can be more serious in comparison with sensitivity reactions depending on its type and the body part or organ it attacks. It might also be easy to treat when diagnosed at an early stage with proper medical attention.
What Can Be The Reason Behind Your Persistent Skin Issues?
In accordance with the statistics, 20% of the reported infections that seek medical attention and treatment from the hospital are of the staph infection. This particular type of infections is surprisingly unknown by people even though the bacteria behind it lives normally on the skin.
Staph infections in people are caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus. Usually, the bacteria pose no threat to a person and are present on the skins of approximately 40% of the people. This means there is a possibility that staphylococcus is residing anywhere from the inside of your mouth to your toes.
The bacteria are usually harmless even when present in a big amount on the skin. Why is this so? It is because of the protection provided by the immune system in the body which does not allow the bacteria to proliferate.
When a person does get a staph infection, it appears in many different forms depending on a number of factors including the part in which it develops and the condition of the affected person’s immune system as well as general health.
According to the National Institute of Health, the bacteria responsible for staph infections are contagious and can spread through the smallest physical contact such as shaking hands, running into someone, and giving someone a high-five.
The latest concern regarding the staph infection is that due to the rise of antibacterial-resistance, the bacteria in this infection have also become resistant to the common antibiotics prescribed by doctors for getting rid of it.
The Centre for Disease Control and Preventions states that the most common form of bacteria that is not affected by the usual antibiotics is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, also known by the shortened medical term MRSA.
What Is a Staph Infection?
Staph infections are not commonly heard of regardless of the fact that the potential pathogen behind it lives on the skin of many people. For most people, a staph infection is not a big deal and is relieved if it is diagnosed at an early stage.
However, these bacterial infections are not only capable of causing minor skin conditions but can also lead to severe reactions and life-threatening conditions related to the heart. The early signs are somewhat similar in all of the people.
The two main symptoms that you are likely to see when having a staph infection are dizziness, blurred vision, blisters, nausea or stomach flu, rashes on the skin along with redness or simply put signs similar to food poisoning.
The staphylococcus bacteria that cause the staph infections typically had two main channels of entering the body. It can either enter the body through the skin due to punctured skin and pores or through the gastrointestinal tract after having toxic or contaminated food.
Where the presence of the bacteria and even their entrance on the body are not that much of an issue and can easily be treated, they can be the reason behind serious complications when they manage to enter deeper parts of the body.
In such areas or organs, the bacteria are also able to proliferate at very faster rate. On the skin, the bacteria are unable to do anything because of different conditions.
For example, in severe cases, the bacteria reach are able to reach the bloodstream. The blood can carry them to different and some of the most important organs, connective tissues, joints, and bones in the body.
Because of the fact that staph infections in later stages can lead to a number of conditions, the symptoms that come afterward can vary from person to person. If you take a closer look on staph cases, many of them happen to people who frequently visit the hospital.
The common MRSA antibiotic-resistant bacterium that causes staph infection is usually found in cases where people caught the infection from the hospital.
Since the bacteria are highly contagious, MRSA spread through bathroom fixtures, bed linens, kitchen equipment, hospital uniforms, wheelchairs, surgical tools, and bed rails.
In addition to patients and people visiting hospitals, normal people can also be at a perpetual risk of catching a staph infection since is easily spread. The bacteria can even travel from the clothes of an infected person to yours if you just happen to walk by at a little distance.
What Are The Symptoms Of Staph Infections?
Staph infections in their early stages happen to show similar signs and can show more and different signs in accordance with the patient’s immune system, medical history, affected part, and other many factors.
Some of the most common staph infection symptoms you can look out for are:
- Finding rashes on the skin
Staph infections in people usually start showing their signs on the skin in form of rashes. The infection can cause many types of rashes, the most common ones being impetigo and cellulitis.
The former can cause painful blisters while the latter causes visible ulcer which can also burst open eventually. Both of them can either be fluid filled or have crust coating.
- Development of Abscess
When having a staph infection, you may see many abscesses in the form of the infected hair follicle visible boil, or a bump resembling cystic acne on your skin which may lead to pain, swelling, and redness.
This is the sign that is usually confused with normal skin conditions. One difference between these and normal skin conditions is that the symptoms of the infection are far more visible and contain pus.
- Scalded Skin
When a baby or infant catch a staph infection, one of the effects of the bacteria called staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome might occur. Usually, the baby or infant will also have a fever along with the infection.
The signs that come when the infections get serious are much different and worse than the early signs. In most of the severe cases of staph infection, the bacteria have been seen to enter the bloodstream and different organs.
The symptoms that are likely to appear when the bacteria enter bloodstream are:
- Low Blood Pressure
- Loss of appetite
- Having chills or feeling unusually cold
- Toxic shock syndrome (that is a result of staph infections which causes toxicity in the body)
- Muscles pains and fatigue
- Endocarditis – the most serious condition caused by staph infections that affect inner lining of the heart or the endocardium. This can disturb blood flow and lead to congestive heart failure, damaged lungs, and renal issues.
- Signs of septic arthritis (causing pain in hips, knees, joints, palms, elbows, shoulders, wrists, and hands)