Everything you need to know about Schizophrenia!

The mention of Schizophrenia triggers a stereotype in our minds, more often than not. Many people with Schizophrenia are part of functional society and we cannot consider them another worldly being.

The understanding regarding Schizophrenia is very less. It suggests the disease awareness should tell the society that this it can be due to a mixture of biological components and environmental factors.Also, there are preventative measures that the individual or the people around them can take to ensure their illness is not triggered.

How common is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a disease that targets 0.3–0.7% of the world’s population. It can often be a lifetime illness of which 20% are able to manage it well while the rest are able to recover from it.

It is said that 1 in 100 people experience Schizophrenia. This illness leads to a 20% lesser life expectancy than considered normal.

 

The common symptoms of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder. It is when a person faces trouble understanding what is real and what isn’t. It has many symptoms, but some of the most common ones that you may be aware of are:

  • hearing voices that might not be there.
  • paranoia.
  • decreased social involvement.

Types Of Schizophrenia

Along with these symptoms, there are specific types of Schizophrenia which have some symptoms specific as per condition. There are five sub-types of Schizophrenia.

  1. Paranoid
  2. Disorganized
  3. Catatonic
  4. Undifferentiated
  5. Residual

Other possible reasons 

This disorder can be accompanied by an array of other types of mental disorders including but not limited to: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders or substance abuse disorders. With any disease or illness, Schizophrenia has a spectrum and different ways that it characterizes itself in. With a package that includes the right help, support, self-awareness, and medication, it is a manageable disease.

The possible treatments 

However, Schizophrenia has not been found to have a cure. It is a disease that is being researched by many and for a very long period of time. New researchers have found that the Cerebellum in the brain could have a lot to do with the manifestation of Schizophrenia as it is the area of the brain that is affected largely by this disease.

What does research say about it?

This research, carried out by researchers at the University of Oslo, found that the Cerebellum in healthy people is larger than in the people with Schizophrenia. They were even found to have lesser cerebellar volumes than in healthy people.

The researchers conducted this research on over 2300 people’s imaging scans that were of people from a wide sample, even from international websites. This allows them to have a wider participant scope that can go across different countries and cultures and different kinds of people, which will allow the research to have a stronger reliability.

However, these researchers do admit that the differences they found were minute, but the fact that they found the findings consistent throughout different cultures, genders, and countries made the findings more significant and reliable.

Additional studies

Furthermore, in recent research, scientists have been looking into targeting a specific nerve cell in the brain that hadn’t been targeted before, which was in response to the researchers finding a new set of compounds that may be a step forward in the treatment of Schizophrenia.

They have reason to believe that this course of treatment if successful, will have better selectivity, fewer side effects, and better effectiveness. A specific receptor in serotonin has been hard to reach by scientists, but these compounds have found to better hit the targeted receptor.

These compounds, although they were found to have a positive effect on social functionality and on the front of memory function and fewer involuntary motor functions, came about as side-effects that were common through other antipsychotics.

However, the compounds were found to have an adverse affect on motivation. Another downside to this research was that even though it opened a door to the possibility of better treatment for Schizophrenia, the research is still at the stage of being tested on animals (mice). That means it might be some time before this can be tested on humans.