Eating disorders assume as obsession and love for food by most of the people. Conversely, this observation is only a myth because the genuine reason for eating disorders is a more profound psychological issue that needs to deal with the individual.
Eating disorders- types, symptoms and treatment explained
Eating disorders have been classified into various types. Let us discuss some most common eating disorders along with the symptoms and treatment associated with them.
- Anorexia Nervosa
It is a conceivably dangerous and perilous illness portrayed by the fear of an individual of putting on weight. Consequently, they fall back on self-starvation and excessive weight reduction.
Anorexia nervosa commonly shows up in young girls during pre-adulthood (adolescence) and might be passed into adulthood. Although it is more typical in ladies, young boys and men experience the ill effects of anorexia nervosa as well.
There are four basic indications as per the research of National Eating Disorder Association.
- Fail to keep up a healthy and normal body weight.
- Loss of menstrual periods.
- Poor self-perception about body image leads to refusal of substantial loss of weight.
- A serious dread of being fat regardless of the possibility that they are underweight.
At the point when individuals starve themselves, they are influencing their body weight and their complete nutritional health. A couple of potential wellbeing threats for persons with anorexia nervosa are:
- Dryness of skin and hair
- Kidney failure due to severe dehydration
- Hypotension and slow heart rate
- Feeling fatigued and tired due to weakness
- Fainting or loss of consciousness
At the first place, it is necessary to address the underlying psychological variables that play their part in developing the disorder. Frequently a man will be dealt with medicines, nutrition and also treated psychologically.
Moral support from family is also a vital part of treatment. Depending on the level of the severity, treatment varies from individual to individual.
- Muscle Dysmorphia or Bigorexia
Commonly found in men, particularly weight lifters and gymnasts and bodybuilders. Bigorexia is a self-perception issue where the person feels their body is too small.
In this manner, they spend additional hours in workouts at the gym. Sometimes it is also observed as reverse anorexia.
There are no genuine manifestations of bigorexia other than a man’s intemperate consideration regarding self-perception. Bigorexia diagnosis is difficult because it is socially suitable for men to be strong.
Bigorexia may not be as perilous as anorexia, but rather it has risks. Many individuals with the illness are inclined to steroid abuse. In severe cases, this eating disorder may influence the individual’s personal life and life at the workplace.
- Bulimia Nervosa
It is among one of the major eating disorders. Around 80 percent of bulimia patients are ladies. It is a severe, life-threatening disorder which is characterized by abnormal intake of a large amount of foods in brief time span.
However, to avoid the risk of weight gain, they purge the food which they have eaten compulsively. Forced vomiting, too much consumption of diuretics and intestinal medicines (laxatives) and long duration of exercises are some of the common methods of purging by the individuals.
Types of bulimia nervosa
There are following two sorts of bulimia nervosa
- Purging type bulimia nervosa
This kind of bulimia nervosa represents the greater part of instances of those suffering from this disorder. Regularly, in these purging scenes, an individual experiencing this eating disorder will encounter loss of control and involve in mad endeavors to fix these emotions.
- Non-purging bulimia nervosa
In this type of bulimia nervosa, the individual will utilize other improper techniques to compensate the compulsive eating episodes.
For instance, abnormal fasting or starving and excessive workout are some of the inappropriate methods. In these cases, the forced vomiting does not use.
The National Eating Disorder Association describes some of the following indications of bulimia nervosa as:
- Intake of plenty of foods on a regular basis with a feeling of loss of control of eating attitude.
- Improper usage of compensatory practices, for example, excess use of diuretics and laxatives, compulsive workout and forced vomiting.
- Extremely worried about body weight and shape.
Numerous medical issues relate with bulimia. These types associate with the technique of purging. These may include:
- Inflammation of the throat from forced vomiting
- Tooth rot and harm from stomach acids.
- Imbalanced electrolytes
- Due to laxative and diuretic abuse, bowel problems develop.
Contingent upon its seriousness, bulimia nervosa must be treated by counselling psychologically and therapeutically. Frequently bulimia nervosa is associated with more profound mental and emotional states.
- Compulsive Overeating or Binge Eating Disorder
A person with binge overeating overeats impulsively without hurling and chucking. People after compulsive overeating, abuse intestinal medicines (laxatives) and too much exercise to recompense the vast amount of foods they have just taken compulsively.
As indicated by the National Eating Disorder Association a few signs or manifestations of the compulsive eating disorder are:
- Eating substantial amount of foods in brief timeframes
- Unable to control their overeating attitude
- Feeling embarrassed by their conduct
- Sometimes eating alone without telling anyone about it
- Medical issues of compulsive eating are far more similar than that of increased weight and obesity like hypertension, coronary illness, type 2 diabetes and gallbladder issue.
- Psychological health concerns like tension, anxiety and depression usually go hand in hand with medical problems.
To find out the hidden and underlying foundations for the compulsive eating is to counsel the patient psychologically. It is equally important to have moral support from family and friends.
It is proposed that overweight individuals with compulsive eating disorder endeavor to overcome their fears with the help of family back, medicine and psychological motivation before attempting to reduce weight.
Nocturnal sleep-related eating disorder (NS-RED)
It classifies in both sleeping and eating disorder. Those with sleep eating disorder will eat while waking in sleep. These individuals will be unconscious of their conduct and have no remembrance. They ordinarily take high sugar and highly processed and oily food.
NS-RED regularly happens in individuals who commonly abstain from food during the whole day. Around 10 to 15 percent of individuals with primary disorders of eating are influencing.
During night time, their bodies try to compensate when the individual’s will is much weaker, for the person’s absence of eating or starvation during the day. In some cases, stress, anxiety and depression can trigger NS-RED.
Night Eating Syndrome (NES)
Night Eating Syndrome is a moderately new confusion. A man with night eating disorder will regularly eat the extensive amount of foods after their last dinner of the day.
Typically just before bed and in midnight. Consequently, they skip breakfast and not begin eating before the middle of the day.
Those with night eating disorder won’t simply enjoy the periodic midnight snack. In fact, they will regularly take unhealthy, low nutritious and high-calorie food frequently during the whole night.
Subsequently, night eating disorder impacts a man’s overall health causing despondency, a sleeping disorder (insomnia) and anxiety or tension.
Approximately, 10 percent of all clinically overweight and obese individuals are supposed to have night eating syndrome. As night eating syndrome is a new disorder, the treatment options are being studied.
Treatment starts with clinical meetings and some nights stay in sleep research centers. A few solutions are accessible. However sleeping pills cannot encourage as the solution. It is said that taking antidepressants improve the condition.