An infection of sinus, also called, as sinusitis is very common among people of all ages. It is medically called rhinosinusitis. It is a condition that hits you when your nasal cavities are infected.
This infection causes swelling which often initiates a headache, runny nose, cough, itching in the throat and related symptoms. All of these are extremely uncomfortable conditions, which can make anyone irritated.
Sinusitis is usually a viral infection. It means a virus is responsible to initiate it. Certain bacterial strains are also able to cause it. Rarely fungi can initiate sinusitis.
Know your stage of sinusitis
There are not any types but stages of sinusitis. The acute condition is a short time period that is less than a couple of weeks. It is not a disease itself but an outcome of any of the other infections.
Acute sinusitis only lasts for some days or weeks. It is generally of a shorter duration and is not as such severe. The acute sinusitis can be due to any factor such as common cold or a respiratory illness.
In chronic condition, the sinusitis lasts for more than a month at least. It may take as long as two or three months to recover. The medical experts believe that chronic sinusitis is a high form of the infection, which includes facial pain, runny nose, nasal congestion and difficulty breathing.
Sometimes acute and chronic condition both are so interlinked that it is hard to characterize your condition. In this case, the symptoms that show up are more or less same. Only a specialist doctor can diagnose you well in such a condition.
What are the signs that you are hit by a sinus infection?
The best is to search and look for signs that a sinusitis exhibits. Only in this way you can relate your condition and go to a relevant medical expert. Look for the following symptoms if you doubt that you have a sinus infection.
The foremost thing that only strikes in a sinusitis is the pain in the sinus. Do you know that you have so many different sinuses, which are located on the face? Some are above and others are below the eyes and behind the nose. Anyone of these or all of these can be infected.
The inflammation of these sinuses is a clear indication of a sinus infection. You will feel a strain or pressure in your eyes and nose. You may also feel pain on the forehead. Sometimes the congestion also feels like pain in nose.
This pain can long to the jaws, teeth, between eyes or the whole face pain. Pain is the most visible sign in case of sinus infection.
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A runny nose or the nasal discharge is also a common sign of sinus infection. You may need to blow your nose more than normal. You can also feel some green or yellowish substance that comes out from your nose.
This discharge can also feel dripping in the backside of your throat all the times. It may sometimes cause an itch. Or if you have a sore throat along with it, you will feel difficulty in swallowing.
It can also initiate a persistent cough, an effort of the body to throw the discharge out. The condition will feel more severe if you lay straight especially for sleeping. You may wake up in middle of the night coughing. Your voice will also be affected.
A nasal congestion
It is common for the patient of a sinus infection to feel a nasal congestion. Breathing through the nose will be difficult and due to the swelling in the nose, it becomes very problematic.
This is due to the congestion in your nose that causes swelling and makes the pathway narrow for the air to pass. You will probably unable to smell anything. Your taste buds will also be affected. Due to the nasal congestion, your voice will be affected as well.
The pressure on your sinus will make you feel like you are having a headache. This headache would not be a common headache that you often experience. It will affect all parts of your facial organs.
For example, you will feel pain and swell in ears, eyes, teeth, jaw, and nose. For this reason, you will feel that you are having a fever. However, it is just a pain caused by an inflamed sinus.
The pain will get worse as the time will pass. In case of chronic sinusitis, it will be continuous till you get it treated.
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A persistent cough
When the nasal discharge drips on the backside of your throat, it causes an irritation. When this process is repeated frequently, it will cause your throat to get infected too. In most of the cases, it is common to have a sore throat along with sinusitis.
It may take a long period to recover. If you develop a cough and sore throat together, expect it to be with you for weeks. The infection spread is so much at this level that it will take some time to heal.
The condition will become worse when you lay straight. It will cause a blockage in the throat, making you cough badly. You will feel trouble in sleeping. You can ease the condition by elevating your head before sleeping.
In worse cases of sinusitis, the throat becomes infected too. It will leave you with a painful throat, unable to speak or communicate. Your voice will be badly affected. You can try a home remedy at this stage to soothe your throat. However, that is not a permanent solution. In any way, you have to see a doctor.
When is the right time to seek medical assistance?
The acute sinusitis can be dealt at home by using the simple home remedies. In case the symptoms last for more time or you start feeling secondary infections, it is the time to see a doctor.
If you have a fever, congestion or discharge that lasts for more than two weeks, consider getting checked by a doctor. It is the right time to know if you are having acute or chronic sinusitis.
Can you prevent a sinus infection?
Not the infection itself but you can prevent the reasons that make the symptoms of sinusitis worse. For example, avoid the factors that cause your nose and throat to irritate. Smoke or cigarette is one such thing that makes the condition worse.
If you are a smoker, avoid smoking when suffering from sinusitis. It will make the infection even worse. Take care of your personal hygiene and make sure that you don’t get interaction with more pathogens in the meantime.
If you are allergic to anything feel free to tell your doctor about it. Sometimes the allergens are also the causative agents of the sinus infections. Or you may also get an allergic attack along with a sinusitis.
The home bases treatments are helpful to ease the conditions. There are several things, for example, the herbal teas, which help to make you feel better. Trying these home remedies on initial stages will prevent the condition to go bad. Also, it will make you feel better.
Sinusitis is treated with antibiotics, painkillers, antihistamine or a combination of these. Your doctor will analyze your condition and recommend you the most suitable prescription. Make sure to follow it for the prescribed number of days.