How To Use A Condom Safely?

How To Use A Condom Safely?

Using protection for pregnancy and possible sexually transmitted diseases is the best option to try. It is easy and handy to use a condom, which is available without a prescription, all over the world.

Condoms are safe, inexpensive and without any synthetic hormones.

Buying condoms from any store near to your house is a continent. Here is a comprehensive guide to the use of condoms. This article elaborates the necessary things that you should know before trying condoms.

How can condoms prevent pregnancy?

The condom helps you and your spouse to enjoy sex when you are not planning a baby. It is a slight barrier, which is between you and your partner. It prevents the fluids from coming in contact with the other partner.

Not just to prevent pregnancy, it prevents sexually transmitted infections to spread. For pregnancy, condoms are not the only way of protection. It can be combined with contraceptives and other methods for a 100% result.

Condoms are of two types.

  • Male Condoms

The general condoms that you see around are male condoms. They are worn on the penis during sexual intercourse of any type. They are made of latex or polyurethane.

There are different varieties of them. They are also available with lubrication or without lubrication. Some specific types of condoms have spermicides on them. They are inexpensive. In the USA you can buy a condom in as low as $1.0 too. There are countless options among condoms.

Some factors those categories the condoms are;

  • Size
  • Shape
  • Color
  • Flavoring

For most of the cases, condoms provide complete protection. It is said that 98% of the times protection through a condom is accurate. But with the inaccuracy of usage, this protection rate may drop down significantly.

RELATED: Is Chancroid a Sexually Transmitted Disease?

  • Female Condoms

Female condoms are the second type of condoms. Unlike male condoms, female condoms fit inside the vagina. The material, which makes female condoms, is polyurethane or nitrile.

Female condoms are more expensive than male condoms. Also, they may not be as readily available as male condoms. In comparison with male condoms, a female typically costs $4.0 or more in the USA.

Certain types are these condoms are of different price. But unlike male condoms, there is no much variety of options in female condoms. If appropriately used, female condoms are 95% accurate. With the inaccuracy of usage, the success rate may drop to 70%.

Which condoms are best to use?

Among male condoms, any condom that is made of latex, polyisoprene, and polyurethane will be a good option. It will prevent unwanted pregnancy and protect against following types of infections.

  • HIV
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis

These are only a few sexually transmitted infections. Other STDs like herpes and warts directly transmit from skin-to-skin contact. Their spread depends upon the affected area, which may or may not is covered by the condom. If the condom doesn’t cover it, there are high risks of infection spread.

Female condoms also protect against sexually transmitted infections. But their effectiveness is not thoroughly studied. It is not as effective as male condoms. If you go to a store and look for condoms, you will notice that most of them are made of latex or polyurethane.

But there are other varieties too which you may not have known before. You should know that the less frequent options may protect against the pregnancy, but they are not always adequately protected for sexually transmitted infections.

The reason is that all other materials are pours. When they are used to make condoms, there is still possible that their pores will allow the bacteria to pass. It increases the risks for the infection to spread.

It is better to use latex or polyurethane made condoms. But if you are allergic to any of these, consult a doctor and select a suitable option for yourself.

RELATED: Sexually Transmitted Diseases Are On The Rise And How Can You Protect Yourself From It

How to use condoms correctly?

The effectiveness of a condom depends upon how you use it. If you are using it rightly, there is least chance that it will ever disappoint you. It is necessary to know how does a condom work and what is the right way to use it.

Irrespective of which type, color, size or flavor you chose, all of these condoms only work for one time use. When you finish using it, discard it and use a new one next time.

RELATED: Birth Control Pills – what you need to know?

How to use a male condom?

Following are the steps to put on a male condom.

  • Open the package with care.
  • Do not use teeth or tear the pack. It may break the condom.
  • Take it out carefully.
  • Pinch the top of it so that there is a space for ejaculate.
  • Place it on the top of an erected penis.
  • Roll it down slowly till the shaft, using both hands.
  • Add a water-based lubricant to reduce friction.
  • After you finish using it, hold the base while you remove it to prevent leakage.

How to use a female condom?

Following are the steps to use a female condom.

  • Open the package with care.
  • Don’t use your teeth, force or anything sharp because it may tear the condom.
  • Hold and squeeze the first ring of the condom.
  • Gently insert it entirely, inside the vagina, like a tampon.
  • Make sure that the second ring is outside the vagina. (This is for covering vulva)
  • After you finish, hold the outer ring and squeeze it. Gently pull the condom out and discard it.
  • Try a new condom next time.

What happens when a condom breaks?

It is not unusual to hear the condom breakage incidents. It can happen to you too even when you were extremely careful. If this happens to you, the first thing to do is calm yourself down. Talk to your companion about it before taking any step.

If your concern is about the pregnancy in case you aren’t using any other precautionary measure, you can try the emergency contraceptive pills. There are several options like Plan B, which is available without a prescription. There is no identification requirement or age restriction to buy it.

These emergency contraceptives help to avoid a possible pregnancy in case of condom breakage. You must know that every emergency contraceptive only works if the woman takes it within three days after intercourse. The best is to use it within 24 hours.

If it frequently happens to you, you can take an appointment with your doctor and try an intrauterine device inserted (IUD). The intrauterine device is 99% effective against pregnancies.

Unfortunately, you cannot try contraceptives for sexually transmitted infections. If you suspect that you had intercourse with a sexually diseased person, get medical help to diagnose it on time. Sexually transmitted diseases are treatable if diagnosed on time.

Most of the sexually transmitted infections don’t show any symptom at all at the start. There is no way to know it without getting a diagnostic test. There are chances to get an infection even when you don’t exhibit any of the characteristic symptoms.

The general symptoms of sexually transmitted infections are as follows.

  • Painful urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Unusual discharge or bleeding
  • Burning urination
  • Foul smelling urine
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Pain in pubic area and fever

RELATED: What Causes Pain In The Pelvis?

The final word

Condoms are a simple, inexpensive and readily available option for a safe sexual life. It works best against pregnancy and transmission of the sexually transmitted infections. There are so many options available to them.

Regardless of what type and company you use, always use them in the right way for complete protection. You can take help from a doctor or pharmacist about the best available options. Also, talk to your partner and discuss what works for your relationship.

 

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The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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