Breakfast is the first and most important meal of the day. Skipping breakfast means that you aren’t giving your body a boost to start working. A day without breakfast is usually dull and stressed where you feel energy deprived right after a couple of hours.
People will tell you that skipping breakfast will make you lose weight like anything. The lethargic feeling only lasts for a short time, and then the body gets used to it. Others will warn you that skipping breakfast will make you old before age.
What is the truth among all these mysteries that you hear from people around you? Does eating breakfast make you fat? Or leaving breakfast makes you slim? You can’t be sure about it unless you read what research says about it.
The new research explains the effects of breakfast on the human body and elaborates what skipping the breakfast does to you. The amazing thing is that the results are not specific for everyone. It means different people will have different effects.
The people, who are suffering from obesity or are at a risk of obesity, may feel better after taking breakfast every day. Skipping breakfast for them will be a lazy day.
Breakfast helps to lose or gain weight has a different effect on different people.
You won’t be eating snacks between the meals and this way it helps you to maintain the weight. The relation of weight loss with a large portion of breakfast is also medical acknowledged when being a fuller stomach doesn’t let you eat extra calories, later that day.
Other medical studies tell that skipping breakfast does not affect your weight gain or weight loss. It has no relevance to your calories intake for the entire day. You cannot predict if a complete breakfast will make you consume fewer calories or not.
One thing that is common among all these studies is that all of them are observational and are not planned. The chances are that the observations are due to the routine and not a choice.
The latest study published in Journal of Physiology has a lot more to tell to understand such mechanisms. The research was conducted by the University of Bath in the United Kingdom. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effects of breakfast on metabolism and fat cell breakdown among lean and obese subjects.
The study had 49 adult participants, which were examined on breakfast habits for six weeks on a daily basis. Out of all these candidates, only 29 were considered lean, and 20 were obese as per measurements of their BMI values.
The suggested breakfast had 350 calories breakfast within two hours of waking up. Those, who preferred to fast were reported with lethargic feeling till noon.
Prior and post-intervention, all participants were examined for cardiometabolic health, hunger responses, and body fat distribution. Additionally, the activity of 44 genes was analyzed which were thought to be functioning in fat burning process.
In all lean people, the effect of not having breakfast for six weeks turned out to be good. The activity of genes made their fat burn more and improved the metabolism. Unfortunately, it was not the same for obese people.
The obesity patients are insulin resistant which is the hormone that regulates
Glucose-regulating and produced by the pancreas. The study opened a debate that fat cells show a different response in different people when they intend to take or skip breakfast.
The results determined that fat cells are not able to take up as much glucose in response to insulin as the lean participants did. This effect is proportional to the whole body fat of the individual that is why both types of participants had a different result.
The study suggests that this mechanism is based on adaption, which restricts the obese people to take only a specific amount of glucose. One limiting factor to this study was that all participants ate a high carb diet, which may or may not influence the research question. There is a need for a higher study to explore how breakfast habits are affected by lifestyle changes and choice of food in breakfast.