For an average person, diabetes and cancer may not seem to be two interlinked diseases, but they have a connection. The latest research has unveiled that how diabetes and obesity-linked cancers are rapidly increasing in all over the world.
This increase has an alarming rate, which has made various scientists to plan research studies on it. Research by Imperial College London in collaboration with International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization (WHO) has made the latest publication.
It says that all the cancers related to the metabolic diseases especially diabetes, obesity, etc. have a more incidence to occur than the rest. The research team put its effort to collect the data on the prevalence of all cancer cases and categorized them.
The data analysis says that 5.6% of all cancer cases in 2012 are prominent among people, who had diabetes already. A second risk factor was obesity; all these people with diabetes had a higher BMI ratio. Only 3.9% of these cancer patients were attributed to diabetes.
The research group now plans to work for the possible incidence of other metabolic diseases linked cancer in coming years. The complete research paper was published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal. Read the complete research here.
The medical researches say that diabetes is one of the most highly occurring diseases of the world. It has more than 400 million adults as its targets, which are spread, all over the world. In addition to that, over 2 billion adult population of the world is overweight.
These numbers are rapidly increasing with time, and there is no control over it. Diabetes and obesity-linked cancer are particularly accurate for some colorectal cancer, gallbladder cancer, endometrial cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, etc.
When these metabolic conditions are affecting more people, the risk of cancer increases with high speed. The specialists are concerned that the risk of cancer would one day be highly prevalent like diabetes.
For now, it is necessary to make effective policies and disease management which can help to control the rapidly increasing rates of obesity, diabetes, cholesterol and related factors.
This new research studied the prevalence of 18 particular types of cancer that showed some connection with diabetes. All the cases had a high BMI, and this data was collected from 175 countries over a time frame of 22 years, i.e., 1980 to 2002.
The source of this data was GLOBOCAN, and this data was taken along with the necessary information such as age, gender, medical history, family history and others. The researchers concluded that all these 38.2% cancer cases belonged to the Western countries, known to have the high income. The prevalence in East was second highest at 24.1% of the total cancer cases.
The notable thing is that low to middle-class families had fewer risks of cancer overall. But diabetes and obesity risks were not the same for them. They eventually shift into cancer one day. Countries like Kuwait, Egypt, Mongolia, Vanuatu, etc. 9-14% of all types of cancer were linked to obesity and BMI.
On the other side, countries like Tanzania, Madagascar, and Mozambique had lowest risks of weight and diabetes. It may be a landmark study, which shows the geographical distribution also affects the epidemiology of cancer.
The most commonly found cancer type in association with diabetes and obesity was endometrial cancer. It had an occurrence of 38.4% among all cases. Second highest prevalence was of liver cancer at 24.5% among all cases.
Talking about the regions, 30.7% of the liver cancer cases were from Asia Pacific region’s high class. Liver cancer was also prominent in East and Southeast Asian areas making a 53.8% of the total liver cancer cases.Liver cancer also accounted for 53.8 percent of cases in the east and Southeast Asian countries. This is an alarming situation which needs an enforceable management plan.