What Is The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes?

What Is The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes?

If one looks at the current rates of reported cases of diabetes, citing it as a growing epidemic would not be an exaggeration. According to the latest estimations, there are about twenty-nine million people that have some type of diabetes which is nearly 10 percent of the population

An even more worrying thing than that is the fact that an average American now has a one in three chances of developing the symptoms of the degenerative disease at some point in their life.

All of the statistics on the problem of the rising of diabetes is a big worry in the United States and in the world currently. It even gets worse as one gets into more details.

Statistically, around eighty-six million people have signs of pre-diabetes. 30 percent of these people develop type 2 diabetes within a time period of five years. Perhaps this is because of the last and most worrying concern – un-diagnosis.

Around one-third of the adult population with the symptoms of pre-diabetes or even the fully developed disease is unaware of having the health condition. That makes approximately eight million undiagnosed.

This is why it is important to look out for the symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It will not only help in better management of the disease but will reduce the chances of diabetes-related problems.

Why Is It Important To Look Out For The Type?

Another thing that a lot of people ignore is looking at what type of diabetes do they have. While many may not know it but there are a number of differences between the type 1 and the type 2 of diabetes where it is possible to reverse the latter.

Technically, both of the types of diabetes cannot be cured but type 2 can be reversed in earlier stages. Checking the symptoms of the specific type of diabetes can help in the better treatment of a person.

Secondly, for the type 2, there are many natural remedies that can come in handy and make the treatment more effective also since this particular type is avoidable where the type 1 cannot really be avoided.

Thirdly, seeing the symptoms carefully can also help a person see whether his/her symptoms are of pre-diabetes which can be of great help since the condition is mostly cured with lifestyle and dietary changes.

RELATED: Are You Having Symptoms Of Pre-diabetes?

What Is The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Although most of the people now are aware of the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, there are still a number of people who do not know that both of the conditions have different causes, effects, and symptoms.

Generally, patients of diabetes either have a lack of insulin in their bodies which causes complications, have too little insulin, or are unable to respond or use the insulin completely as needed by the body’s requirements.

Type 1 diabetes, which was formerly known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes, is the condition seen in about five to ten people per every hundred reported cases of people who have diabetes.

In this particular diabetes, the immune system in the body destroys the cells that have the primary function of releasing the insulin hormone. Gradually, the condition develops and insulin is completely eliminated from the body.

Insulin is the hormone that is required to break down sugar in the body. With the lack of this hormone, the cells cannot absorb the sugar and are unable to produce energy. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually appear in earlier ages.

The type 2 diabetes, which was formerly known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes, can develop at any given age but the chances of it developing or becoming apparent rise more often in adulthood.

However, according to the latest researches, type 2 diabetes is on the rise in the younger age groups and in children as well. In fact, many of the diagnosed diabetes type 2 cases are of young adults and children.

Type 2 diabetes occurs more often in comparison with type 1 diabetes and accounts for about 90-95 per 100 diagnosed reported cases of diabetes.

In this particular type, the body is not able to use the insulin properly which means that there is a cell malfunction and the absorption of glucose from the food is disturbed. This situation is also known as insulin resistance.

Whenever the condition of diabetes type 2 worsens, the pancreas is affected and insulin production is lessened day by day. As a result, the body of the person having diabetes type 2 develops an insulin deficiency.

Both of the types of diabetes are also similar in the way that they both lead to serious health complications.

An example of the effects of diabetes is that although both types of diabetes are manageable when taken care of and monitored, they still are the main cause of chronic kidney diseases, kidney failure, and blindness.

Many of the patients with diabetes are also at an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, and heart diseases. Leg and foot amputations are also a common procedure seen in the treatment of complications caused by both types of diabetes.

What Are The Differences In The Symptoms Of Types Of Diabetes?

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes often appear earlier in the person while type 2 diabetes symptoms can appear at a much later stage and are much minimal or easily negligible while type 1 has comparatively many serious signs.

The lack of signs of diabetes type 2 is one of the reasons why the condition goes undiagnosed. With diabetes type 1, the person gets serious illnesses which are why the condition is diagnosed as soon as early signs appear.

The common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:

  • Blurred or worsening vision
  • Dry mouth
  • Increased thirst
  • Decrease in vigilance or consciousness
  • Change in hunger patterns or feeling hungry more often (sometimes even right after having meals)
  • Weakness
  • Trouble in concentrating
  • Heavy breathing which is also known as Kussmaul respiration
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow healing of wounds, cuts, and injuries
  • Nerve damage that causes numbness, tingling sensations, and pain in the feet, limbs, and the hands
  • Changes in weight/losing a lot of weight even though the hunger increases

Type 2 diabetes generally causes almost similar symptoms where the only difference is that they appear much later and are not as severe. Most of the patients with type 2 diabetes develop the condition in older years of life and see the symptoms one at a time.

Since the signs appear in stages, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is always done at a much later stage where it has worsened to a great extent. In addition to the signs mentioned, other symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:

  • Sexual dysfunction (including vaginal dryness, loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, and reproductive problems
  • Chronically itchy and dry skin
  • Weight gain (instead of weight loss like in type 1 diabetes)
  • Patches of velvety, dark skin in different areas of the body also known as acanthosis nigricans (usually in the neck and armpits)
  • Pain, numbness, and swelling all over the body
  • Frequent vaginal, groin, yeast, and urinary infections

In addition to these both types of diabetes, other forms such as gestational diabetes also exist. After looking at the symptoms, make sure to consult a doctor and then try any remedies at home. Do not just start trying ways randomly without confirmation from a health practitioner.

Additionally, try and look out for the complications caused by diabetes. In case of diabetes type 1, the problems associated with diabetes are very visible which can also be helpful in figuring out what type of diabetes a person is having.

Andrea White

As a graduate of Public Health and Policy, Andrea developed an interest in disease development, food and safety and the latest advancements in health. She is a Freelance writer who had affiliations with multiple blogs. Andrea is now pursuing her post-doctorate in Behavioral Sciences.

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