One can face many complications during their pregnancy for many reasons. In some of the cases, the current health status of a woman contributes to the problems. While in other cases, complications are faced during pregnancy due to a change in their hormone level and body.
You must remember to consult a doctor if you are having any concern regarding the risks of complications during your pregnancy period. Here is a rundown of the most common complications woman encounter during their pregnancy.
In miscarriage, a mother loses its fetus in the first 140 days of pregnancy. The reasons which cause miscarriage are not defined always. Most of the cases of miscarriages are reported in the first trimester that is the first 91 days of pregnancy. Sometimes there is no proper healthy development of the egg or baby either due to chromosomal abnormalities or due to any problem related to mothers reproductive system
Miscarriage is also known as spontaneous abortion, as the fetus is wasted in the same way as it is done in procedural abortion. The abnormal vaginal bleeding is one of the most common signs of miscarriage. Other signs and symptoms of miscarriage are:
- The disappearance of pregnancy symptoms like morning sickness
- Abdominal pain
2. Ectopic Pregnancy
The type of pregnancy in which the fertilized egg does not implant itself on the uterus is called as ectopic pregnancy. In these cases, the egg usually implants itself in one of the fallopian tubes. A fetus can not develop properly in fallopian tissues due to lack of pace and nurturing tissues. Ectopic pregnancy can cause extreme pain. It is considered life-threatening and can bring severe damage to a mothers reproductive system.
As the baby develops over time, it can cause a woman’s fallopian tube to burst and as a result causing severe internal bleeding called as hemorrhage. It is for sure that the baby is not able to survive in an ectopic pregnancy. During this type of pregnancy medication or surgery or both of them are needed. Its mandatory for your gynecologist then to keep monitoring your reproductive system.
One of the causes of ectopic pregnancy is endometriosis, that is the tissue cell which generally grows in the uterus grows somewhere else in the body. A previous sexually transmitted infection can also be one of the reason of ectopic pregnancy as it causes scarring of the fallopian tubes.
3. Gestational Diabetes
One common form of diabetes is gestational diabetes. A woman can diagnose it during her pregnancy. Due to this, one has a greater number of chances to get diabetes after giving the birth. Like type 2 diabetes it is also caused by insulin resistance. In most of the cases, symptoms are not observed.
When most of the women with gestational diabetes give birth to healthier babies, their babies body turn out to be larger than normal. Other complications the baby will face include:
- Abnormal changes in the level of minerals
- Respiratory distress syndrome
The treatment of gestational diabetes includes:
- Having a healthy diet
- Keeping a close eye on blood sugar level
4. Incompetent Cervix
As the baby develops, it starts to put pressure on the cervix of a pregnant woman. In some of the cases, a woman’s cervix is not able to bare this pressure. Due to this, the cervix will open before its time that is before the baby is ready to be born, this condition is called as cervical insufficiency or incompetent cervix. Women who previously encountered this pregnancy complication or had surgery on their cervix are at higher risks to face cervical insufficiency.
The symptoms of the incompetent cervix are not defined and vague. This pregnancy complication is diagnosed by taking measurements of the cervix with the help of ultrasound. The treatment of incompetent cervix may include:
- Bed rest
- Having hormone progesterone by vaginal suppositories
5. Placental Abruption
It is a pregnancy complication in which the placenta gets separated either partially or completely from the uterus before the delivery of the baby. As the placenta delivers nutrients and oxygen to the baby, a placental disruption may result in poor development of the fetus. It mostly happens in the third trimester of the pregnancy. The symptoms of placental abruption include:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Severe abdominal pain
Though there are many factors which can increase the chances of disruption but specifically pregnant women with high blood pressure are at more sake to have a disruption.
6. Low amniotic fluid and excess amniotic fluid
The amniotic fluid acts as a cushion and prevents the fetus to get any kind of trauma. It also helps to regulate the temperature inside the womb. Both low (oligohydramnios) and excess (polyhydramnios) amniotic fluid can bring you complications by interfering with the functions of the womb.
Low amniotic fluid in the womb can cause poor development of the:
- Digestive system
According to most of the cases, excess amniotic fluid does not cause any serious complication, however in some of the cases excess fluid can lead to:
- Placental abruption
- Premature birth
- Bleeding after giving delivery (hemorrhage)
- Rupture of amniotic membranes before the desired time
The issue with amniotic fluid is usually diagnosed during the second trimester of pregnancy. In the second trimester, the fetus learns to suck and practice breathing in the amniotic fluid. At the time of delivery, saline solution is pumped into the amniotic sac of women with very low amniotic fluid. It is done to make sure that the child’s organs do not get any injury during delivery.
7. Premature Labor
Labor pain happens after 140 days and before 259 days of pregnancy. It is considered preterm. This is due to any complication present in mother or baby. One of the best ways to treat this problem is going for delivery, though the mother has not reached her due date yet.
The preterm labor needs extra medical attention. Women usually experiencing premature labor are put to bed rest or medications are given to stop the contractions. However, many of the women choose delivery as an option. There are many risk factors which can contribute to premature labor and delivery. These factors include:
- uterine fibroids
- insufficient prenatal care
- an incompetent cervix
- a history of giving births before the due date
- urinary tract or other infections
- a history of many abortions