Hypertension- Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Hypertension- Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Hypertension is a condition which shows the increase in blood pressure. You may never know that it is a problem unless it shows some secondary effects which become a problem.

There are many people that have this condition like hypertension but they don’t know a hint about it. More than a disease, hypertension is a condition which defines there is something wrong going on inside your body.

In an uncontrolled high blood pressure, the blood arteries are at highest risk. Once it starts damaging your system, chances are that you may get a stroke, heart attack, and related cardiovascular problems.

If you think this is just a minor everyday problem, you are wrong. It is a chronic condition which has two levels; primary and secondary.

The difference between primary and secondary blood pressure is that one is direct a second is an indirect type of hypertension. Secondary hypertension is a direct condition which affects the patient.

Primary hypertension is not really a problem but a result of something which gradually results over some time. You can know which type of hypertension you have an accurate diagnosis.

Symptoms of a chronic hypertension

There are some health conditions which affect the majority of the people suffering from high blood pressure. These symptoms are as follows.

  • Dullness of mind
  • Unclear thoughts
  • Dizzy feeling
  • Nose bleeding (Epistaxis)

Symptoms of abrupt hypertension

When your blood pressure shoots you suddenly start feeling terribly sick and this is an accredited medical emergency. You should rush to the hospital in such a situation. This specific type of hypertension is called a hypertensive crisis.

Hypertensive crisis is usually related to secondary hypertension. It is rare for it to be a primary level. It is not any random high BP but a blood pressure that crosses 180 systolic pressure and 110 or more diastolic pressure.

Don’t panic if you are checking your own blood pressure and find it to be this much high. This stress may increase it even more. You can try rechecking it again after a while. Some of the basic effects to experience while facing a chronic hypertension are as below.

  • An extreme headache
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Breathlessness
  • Depression
  • Bleeding from nose

Don’t rely on only one reading. You should take at least three readings before concluding the blood pressure to be chronically high. Sometimes the blood pressure shoots but naturally, it takes its time to get back to the normal.

In any case, if it doesn’t get back to normal, you should call a friend or ambulance to reach hospital as soon as possible. It is not a wise idea to drive yourself as the condition can become severely wrong at any time.

You may not know what is the causative reason of this hypertension. Sometimes there are underlying medical conditions which becomes problematic. For example, fluid in lungs, internal swelling or bleeding, a damage to heart’s arteries, seizures, stroke or anything.

How bad is hypertension for pregnant women?

Pregnancy is a new stage of life when the body is undergoing development. Hypertension in pregnancy can be a complicated situation which can cause various problems. Some of the main issues related to hypertension during pregnancy are as follows.

  • Overweight or obesity
  • No physical work
  • Inactive body status
  • Excessive smoking
  • Excessive drinking
  • A family medical history of hypertension
  • Kidney problems
  • IVF pregnancy
  • Overage
  • Twins, triplets or more
  • First pregnancy

Usually, after 20 weeks of pregnancy, the complications related to hypertension are more likely to happen. The damage is irreversible and the worst is to experience a fatal seizure. In pregnancy, hypertension can be seen by swelling of limbs, headaches and other symptoms.

There is the highest risk for the pregnant women to suffer from premature delivery if the blood pressure is not stable during whole this phase. In other cases, the normal delivery seems impossible and the doctor is left with no choice than doing a cesarean delivery.

The blood pressure, however, becomes normal after the birth.

Highest health risks with Blood pressure

For the time being, it may not look like the problem but actually, it induces many problems for future. It hypertension lasts for a long time, it can cause cardiovascular problems. Additionally, there are other linked health issues too which are;

  • Weaker eyesight
  • Loss of vision
  • Kidney problems
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Memory loss
  • Anxiety
  • Fluid in lungs and other problems.

How to treat hypertension?

Hypertension is problematic as its more of a lifestyle problem than actual medical reasoning. You can control the functions of your body in many ways. By changing food habits, lifestyle changes, weight management, stopping the usage of unnecessary medication this can be helped.

RELATED: Home remedies to lower down blood pressure

Let’s know more on how can you help yourself in hypertension.

Improve your food habits

Everyone knows the importance of a balanced diet. The healthy eating is necessary to maintain all body functions in the best way. Healthy eating is also the key to maintain the blood pressure and thus reduce the risk of hypertension.

The best is to reduce the use of sodium salts, and potassium which are two major things to raise your blood pressure.  There are several diet charts and food guides on food habits which are particularly designed for hypertension patients.

The basic internet search can also provide you with the list of foods which have low sodium and potassium content in them. You can try them for a better health. Some of these foods are as follows.

  • Fruits: Apples, Banana, Orange
  • Vegetables: Carrots, Broccoli etc
  • Legumes and chickpeas
  • Meat: Fish

You should never eat the following food items in particular.

  • High sugar food
  • Processed foods
  • Red meat
  • Coconut oil

Also, you need to control your excessive smoking and alcohol habits.

RELATED: Why Should You Add Lemon Ginger Tea To Your Diet?

Do exercise or any physical activity

Being lazy and sluggish will never help you to get over your blood pressure issues. One basic element which plays the role to make your life easier is the physical activity which could be anything from a walk, running, exercise or yoga.

Doing these only a few times a day are also helpful. You can get a customized plan by a physical trainer if you need to meet certain goals. It is important to combine dietary changes with exercise or walk. In this way, both work best.

Meditation and medication

Stress is one thing that damages the body at maximum level. From the basic everyday stress to chronic stress disorders, depression, panic attacks and anxiety, the first thing to get affected is the blood pressure. It rises like anything.

For this, you need to combine medicines with easy meditation techniques. It is a great solution only if you know how to use it. You should increase your liquid intake. Use a beta blocker for maintaining the heart rate.

The doctor may prescribe you calcium channel blockers which aid in several medical conditions. There are several medicines which can be combined by your doctor as per your specific nature of hypertension. Do not use any medicine of hypertension by your own.

When should you rush to the doctor?

The usual attack of high blood pressure or hypertension lasts for some hours. It goes away in some time even if you don’t treat it. You don’t need to rush into an emergency if your blood pressure is slightly high or low.

If your blood pressure doesn’t rise up after checking twice or thrice, chances are that it may not be a problem. In case it is still very high, you should immediately get medical help so that any further complication can be avoided.

A high blood pressure may b accompanied by any of the following.

Dizziness, blurry eyes, nausea, pain, fatigue, shortness of breath etc.

Don’t try any medicine on your own. There is a high risk that any medicine may interact with your body and cause a new problem which would be highly undesirable. Only use those medicines which your doctor has prescribed you separately.



The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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