In between 11 and 13 years, most of the women have menstrual periods every year. During initial years, it is quite common to have irregular or missed periods.
Hormones may take few years to control to menstruation cycle in order to achieve a balance. On the other side, same happens when a woman is moving towards perimenopause or menopause.
It is the time when your otherwise regular periods become irregular, or you may experience missed period sometimes as well. If you do not have periods from about 12 months, menopause occurs.
Missed period-what can be the possible reasons other than pregnancy?
If you have at any point missed a period, you might get panicked. If you are trying to conceive, then it can be exciting news for you.
However, if you have not planned a family yet, it can be an alarming situation for you.
Now, the good news is, other reasons are associated with a missed period. Let us have a look at some common grounds of the missed period other than pregnancy.
- Stress, anxiety, and depression
Physical and mental anxiety influences numerous parts of life which also affect the production and amount of hormones in the body. In case of women, production of GnRH (Gonadotropin-releasing hormone) hormone is reduced.
GnRH (Gonadotropin-releasing hormone) hormone has its vital role in menstruation and ovulation. By staying stress-free and hassle-free, you will be able to come back to the healthy track of your periods.
- Underlying diseases and disorders
Ladies who have illnesses that influence their brains, reproduction, and organs of their reproduction may also frequently face the missed periods. This is likewise valid for immediate and short-term sicknesses in spite of the fact that the missed periods are impermanent.
- Missed periods associated with breastfeeding
In case you are a breastfeeding mom, you may not see your period for quite a while. Since prolactin, the hormone stimulates the production of breast milk, at the same time it also suppresses the ovulation.
Numerous mothers do not have the periods at all or a period for a considerable length of time while breastfeeding. Keep it in mind that absence of a period does not mean you cannot get pregnant. Remember, ovulation happens before you get your period.
Thus, therefore there is an equal possibility for you to ovulate and afterward get pregnant before you ever observe your period. Be protective if you do not want to have a next baby too soon.
Most of the times, right after weaning your kid, periods come back on track within 2 to 3 months. On the off chance that you will not have a period three months after you quit breastfeeding, converse with your specialist on this issue.
- Missed period and possibility of ovarian cancer
Although the missed period is not the most common indication of ovarian cancer, you cannot overlook the possibility anyhow. Mostly, missed periods are not alarming. Pregnancy, vigorous exercise, anxiety and imbalance in hormones are regular reasons for a missed period.
It is relatively rare to have something serious associated with missed or irregular period. They may likewise build your danger of ovarian malignancy.
According to recent research, females with the history of irregular periods had higher threats of developing ovarian cancer. As women age, the risk of this malignancy increases. So, you will have to contact your family doctor to properly diagnose the chances of ovarian cancer.
- Eating disorders and irregularities in menstruation cycle
Most common eating disorders bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa influence a large number of individuals the majority of whom are young pubescent girls and young grown-up ladies. In this condition, there is severe malnutrition, weight loss, and anxiety.
Consequently, various functions of the body start to slow down which includes menstruation as well. It is the matter of concern. So, in case you or your loved ones are suffering from any of these eating disorders, consult your doctor at first place.
- Abrupt changes in daily routine
A missed period can likewise happen by abrupt and detrimental changes in your daily routine.
For instance, on the off chance that you change your work routine from day to night and the other way around, your ultimate body clock alters and influences your overall reproductive system and your general wellbeing as well.
- Certain medication and intense chemical treatments
Ladies on chemotherapy and radiation treatments for malignancy (cancer) can likewise miss their periods. Moreover, there are some prescriptions leads to the changes in the period cycle particularly those that contain hormones (hormone coated tablets).
- Being overweight or underweight is linked with missed period
If you are obese or underweight, it affects your reproductive system. Remember that the organs of the body firmly associate with each other. Either losing the abundance weight or putting on more weight settle the issue of infrequent, irregular or missed period in a couple of months.
- Strenuous exercise
Ladies like athletes that engage in vigorous exercises and strength training programs, missing a period is quite normal.
This is on account of the body needs to monitor and conserve energy levels during physically and rationally strenuous and tough exercises, missed or irregular periods are one of the ways to achieve those energy levels.
As soon as these strength training programs and exercises stop, periods come back to normal within few months.
- Contraceptive pills
To avoid any accidental conception, there are a lot of contraceptive or birth control pills. Everyone of them has reactions that include monthly cycle. Some pills will even prevent your menstruation, particularly when you initially have it and when you choose to quit taking it.
They will likewise influence the intensity (how heavy and how long the flow in periods) of your monthly flow.
- Thyroid irregularity
The thyroid gland is present in our neck. It is responsible for regulating the metabolism. It likewise collaborates with numerous different systems in your body to keep things running easily and smoothly.
In case you have imbalanced thyroid secretion, regardless of whether it is hypo-or hyperthyroidism, may influence your periods. So, on noticing any other indication of thyroid imbalance, it is advisable to consult your doctor to diagnose it properly.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a condition that is associated with imbalanced hormones that cause lack of ovulation. It happens because, in PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), there are altered levels of testosterone, progesterone, and estrogen.
It can cause no periods at all or frequent missed periods. Hair growth on chest and face, fertility problems, and trouble in shedding pounds are some of the common symptoms of PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome). It is advisable to treat it immediately to avoid any other inconvenience.
Last but not the least, the truth of the matter is, however many people consequently consider pregnancy whenever a period is late, it may be the case, there are some other reasons as well that cannot be ignored.
Though a missed period is the cause of panic, make an effort not to make a hasty judgment until the point that you discover what is truly going on. Consulting your family doctor can help pinpoint the reason for your missed period.
The bottom line of the whole debate is, in case you’re not pregnant, try to getting things back on track again.