What Is Baldness?
Baldness is a regular process of losing the hair which often comes with age. For the majority of people, it influences negatively. No one likes to experience hair loss which affects both men and women at large. Even after so much advancement in research, yet the baldness has no control. Is it just a regular thing which everyone should accept? Or there is a chance to get over it near future?
Is It A Disease?
Baldness is a disease. It is scientifically called Androgenetic alopecia which is commonly known as male pattern baldness. Just because the name says its “male pattern” doesn’t mean it only affects men. Yes, it severely affects females too. In last decade, the biggest reason to lose hair is this male pattern baldness which has affected over 35 million men and 21 million women in the USA alone. The two-third of people who reach the age of 35 are already a victim of it. Whereas 85% men when crossing 50 years of age, they are hit by baldness for sure.
This male pattern baldness is often in “M” shape, prominent on the crown of the head. It is hereditary. This means that it has relation to the male sex hormones. The female pattern baldness has no clear reason.
Structure Of Hair
The hair is made of follicles. They are a sac like a thing which firmly roots each hair and the shaft to the scalp. The base is called bulb which anchors the hair. Cells are base and follicles multiply, and the hair length is increased. Hair has a portentous structure, and the protein in hair is called Keratin.
What Is Normal Hair Fall?
The first stage of baldness starts from hair fall. It should be known to everyone that losing 50-100 hair a day is standard. Anything over it is a “loss.” Each follicle produces hair for more or less 3-6 years. There are hundred thousand hair follicles, so aging of a few hundred doesn’t affect.
Hair Loss Treatments
Fortunately, there are a few options to treat the real hair which is on the verge of loss. Most of these options are just a temporarily preventive measure, which controls the loss but it doesn’t reverse it. The most useful drugs used for this purpose are minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia). Both of these are approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the USA.
Minoxidil was an old age medicine for treating high blood pressure, but it was later noticed the side effect of it. It was excessive hair production in unexpected areas. It flopped as a BP medicine but was developed more for hair repair formula. Now it is directly applied to the scalp which prevents the hair loss. It makes the real hair thick and accelerates the growth process. Both men and women can use it.
Finasteride is a similar drug which was a side effect of a drug for treating enlarged prostate gland. It works by inhibiting the enzyme.
Finasteride inhibits type II 5-alpha-reductase enzyme which is highly responsible for converting testosterone hormone to the potent androgen DHT. This DHT level prevents the hair follicles to be affected by a hormonally based hair loss. As it involves the function of testosterone, it is not suitable for females. Only men can use it.
Dutasteride (Avodart) was a medicine for prostate gland which was also found suitable for making the hair growth paid. It is also effective for the male pattern baldness. It follows the same path as that of finasteride, but it has better results than finasteride.
Any Permanent Solution?
Unfortunately, there is no medicine which can reverse the lost hair. It means that the baldness cannot be cured but controlled. However, a surgical method of hair transplant can reverse the condition.
Hair transplant is a process which harvests the hair follicles back to the scalp. It takes hair follicles from the back of the head which are DHT resistant and adds them to the bald patches. It is usually done by a certified surgeon and take a long time to finish. This procedure is expensive and painful. But somehow it works for almost everyone.