Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections usually target one’s lower body part organs, which makes up your urinary system. Urinary system is divided into two parts where the upper part of the urinary system consists of Kidney, Ureters, whereas the lower body part consists of Urethra and the bladder.

The infections in the upper part of the system mainly affects the kidney and the ureters and can bring out some severe symptoms of fever, nausea, vomiting. The infections in the lower system usually affect the Urethra and the bladder. In urinary tract infections any part can be affected out of many reasons and the more the infection affecting the upper part of the system the more serious it is considered.

According to common research women not only tends to run a higher risk of catching urinary tract infections when compared with men but also have a higher intensity to recur such infections. Therefore women need to be more cautious in their daily life routines more than men.

Most urinary tract infections occur due to the spread of the bacteria, bacteria which tend to multiply at the opening of the Urethra can travel up to the bladder and in most extreme cases may get into the Kidneys through blood circulation.

The reason women run higher risks of such infections is the anatomy of their body. The anatomy of the female shows the shorter urethra than in men and is close to the anus, thus bacteria such as E. Coli present in the large intestine can escape the Anus and enters the Urethra of the females.

Infecting the urethra the bacteria can travel up to the bladder and if remain untreated the bacteria can enter the Kidney and might bring a permanent damage. Thus the infections reaching the upper part of the tract are usually considered serious and dangerous and are need to be treated immediately as soon as the symptoms and sign appear in the body.

Also, the frequent sexual activity leaves women more prone to catching such infections to determine whether bacteria cause a urinary tract infection, a urine test is mandatory and often antibiotics are an easy source to cure such infections.

The Signs and Symptoms

There always appear sign and symptoms are any part of the system is affected for example any kind of infection in Kidney would result in high fever, nausea, vomiting, chills and often pain occur in the upper back and side. Such infections in the upper part of the system are usually referred to as pyelonephritis.

Similarly, any infection in the region of the bladder would most probably cause Pelvic pressure, lower abdomen discomfort, frequent painful urination and in most severe cases the infection might result in blood in urine. Cystitis.

Infections hitting, the urethra part may cause mild to excessive burning in urination depending upon the intensity of the infection.

The UTIs can be classified into types of infections, the complicated and the uncomplicated.


The uncomplicated infection is caused by the microorganisms such as E. Coli and are more frequent in women and are not harmful. They are usually affecting the bladder region mostly caused by the bacteria present in the intestines. However, the complicated urinary tract infections can occur in men and women of any age. Along with bacteria the abnormality in the structure hindering the clearing out of the urine and the bacteria, kidney transplant all can constitute for the complicated infections that are harmful, difficult to treat and recurrent.

The treatments to such infection mostly depend upon the intensity of the infections, in the less severe and uncomplicated infections doctors usually prefer to go for short – course of antibiotics for two to three days. However, in the most severe cases, patients might need to be treated in the hospital.

Therefore precautions seems to be a more viable way to protect from Urinary tract diseases. The precautions may involve drinking plenty of waters and keeping in a daily diet high liquid intake since more passage of urine would keep the tract and kidneys clean and void of bacteria. Also, proper cleaning of the vaginal and anus region is necessary, especially in women.

Therefore such precaution may not only help to avoid to infections in one place but also stop the recurring of these diseases


The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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