Bacterial Vaginosis-Causes and Prevention

Bacterial Vaginosis-Causes and Prevention

Bacterial vaginosis happens when there is a disturbance in the ratio of the harmful or bad bacteria (anaerobic) and good bacteria (lactobacilli) living in the vagina. Scientists have not yet found the precise bacteria that is the reason of the contamination.

However, they have faith in it that bacterial vaginosis is the result of the combination of various types of the bad (anaerobic) bacteria. Moreover, the pH of your vagina has shifted from the typical acidic condition of 3.5-4.5 to more than 4.5 which is not such an acidic condition.

This pH is a favorable condition for bad bacteria to grow and flourish in the vagina. This infection can happen in any woman, but pregnant ladies and sexually active women are more prone to have this bacterial infection.

Women with bacterial vaginosis have the threat of having sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like HIV if presented to the infection causing them. Furthermore, ladies with bacterial vaginosis infection have the danger of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

Threateningly, bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis may also affect the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. So, it is crucial to treat bacterial vaginosis to lessen the threat of STDs and other issues related to the female reproductive system.

Increased number of bad bacteria causes awful side effects like swelling, tingling, paining and burning sensation and release of watery discharge followed by the obnoxious smell in some cases. Itching followed by a burning sensation may likewise happen inside and outside the vaginal region.

Not all ladies with bacterial vaginosis have these side effects. There are some cases that women may not realize that they have bacterial vaginosis because they have do not experience any manifestation or indication at all.

We can diagnose this bacterial infection by various examinations and lab tests. In these lab tests, vaginal discharge is examined to check the balance of good and bad bacteria.

What causes bacterial vaginosis?

An accurate reason for this vaginal condition stays obscure since various kinds of bacteria regularly live in the vagina. Resultantly, deciding why overgrowth of certain bacteria happen is still not clear.

In spite of the fact that the reasons for this condition are still vague, certain elements may expand the danger of building up this condition. Some of these are:

  • Usage of oils in shower

Utilizing oils in your shower is one of the many reasons for bacterial vaginosis. While using shower oils may be a relaxing factor for you, they will not enable you to free from the nasty smell that bacterial vaginosis may cause.

Oils trap microscopic organisms and give an absolute favorable condition to develop and grow. Utilizing a couple of drops of tea tree essential oil may be helpful as it is antiseptic and can relieve the pain and symptoms of the infection.

  • Clothing

Wearing tight garments that trap dampness around your private parts is one of the real reasons for bacterial vaginosis. Harmful microscopic organisms (bacteria and virus) multiply their growth and causing the awful odor and indications.

It ought to be noticed that consistent wearing of tight fitting attire like pants or jeans can add to bacterial vaginosis. If you have precluded all other reasons for bacterial vaginosis, your clothing might be the reason.

  • Medications

Certain medications like antibiotics execute the good bacteria and other microorganisms in your body as well. Remember, if you are taking such medicines for a cough, cold or other illnesses then you must know that the good bacteria in your body, including your vagina, are being executed.

Subsequently, it is putting you in danger of having bacterial vaginosis. Supplementing with probiotics, for example, Lactobacillus can help reestablish your bodies normal flora.

  • Eating routine

Diet assumes a noteworthy part in deciding your body’s pH levels. You could be making an unbalance nursery for bad bacteria that may cause bacterial vaginosis by consuming too much acidic food.

Focus on what you eat and search for foods that are alkaline and certain recipes that advance a decent sound pH level in the body.

  • Ignorant towards proper hygiene

The greatest no-no ladies can do in the toilet is washing and wiping from back to front. It should be to wipe from front to back as to not spread microscopic organisms and germs from the anus to the vagina.

If you are going for cleaning and wiping from back to front, there may be the chances that the fecal remains go into your genital areas. This may result in the increased awful microorganisms which will at last results in unpredictable and convoluted vaginal contamination

  • Vaginal douching

Douching is never at any point a conventional practice. There is no medical advantage to pick up from douching. In truth, it can only be detrimental. Douching strips of the vagina of every single good bacterium same as using antibiotics.

So, freeing your vagina of every single great and beneficial bacterium enables the awful microbes to regroup and take over rapidly. Terribly, douching can push those awful microbes deeper inside your body, causing contamination in womb or uterus.

Preventions that should be taken for bacterial vaginosis

  • Fortifying the immune system

A decent, healthy eating routine can surely help to strengthen the immune system. You must have 5 to 6 portions of veggies and fresh fruits in combination with lean meat, nuts and a lot of beans.

Cut down fats and artificial sweeteners from your diet. Likewise, taking a multivitamin supplement will strengthen your overall body framework.

  • Rebalancing the Imbalance

If you have bacterial vaginosis, the pH level of your vagina will be alkaline. To move this back to somewhat acidic, include some apple cider vinegar to a bath tub and sit in it for approximately 20 minutes.

Adding valuable microscopic organisms directly to the vagina can likewise help as this will duplicate rapidly, in the warm conditions. To do this, absorb a tampon in probiotic yogurt and let it sits on vagina for few hours.

This works since probiotic yogurt is rich in useful and good bacteria. Utilize warm water to clean the outside of your vagina. You don’t have to use a cleanser. Indeed, even mild cleanser can cause contamination or aggravate your vagina.

  • Suitable clothing

Constantly wearing tight apparel can make a greenhouse like condition for harmful bacteria in the vagina. Undergarments made of synthetic material can be the culprit. Instead, wear cotton underwear or cotton lined pants to ensure the proper ventilation to the vagina.

  • No to douching

Douching expels a portion of the ordinary and beneficial microorganisms in the vagina that shield you from the disease. This may raise your danger of bacterial vaginosis. It might be likewise to recur bacterial vaginosis even after treatment. Specialists do not prescribe douching.

  • Practice safe sex

It is one of the most important preventive measures that you can take. Have safe sex. Some of the tips to practice the safe sex are:

  • Use condoms

Condoms are an ideal approach to anticipate bacterial vaginosis or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) when you have intercourse. Ensure to put on the condom before the penis touches the vagina.

  • One man and one woman show

Engaging in sexual relations with only one accomplice can bring down your hazard for bacterial vaginosis and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Be reliable to each other. That implies that you just engage in sex with each other and nobody else.


The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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