In scientific terms, bedbugs are knownas Cimex lectularius and are said to be small insects that feed on the blood of all warm-blooded creatures. We, the humans, are unfortunately are said to be their ideal host.
Bedbugs evolved millions of years ago as nest parasites and used to inhabit different bird nests. Some of them learnt to adapt themselves according to human environment and became a source of misery for all of us.
The newborn bugs are said to be as small as a poppy seed and are known as nymphs. The adults can then grow to a size as large as 0.25 inches. These bedbugs are visible to you through the naked eye in all forms i.e. nymph, egg and adult.
Why are bedbugs called so? This is because they prefer living in human homes, particularly in bed mattresses, sofas and other furnishings.
Bedbugs are known to be a growing problem in almost every kind of dwelling, be it cruise ships, dormitories, army barracks and private homes.
Bedbugs can be of different colours, light tan, white, deep brown or sometimes burnt orange. A black or dark red blob appears in their body whenever they have fed. These bugs run to seek shelter in dark crevices and cracks once they are disturbed.
Interesting Facts About Bedbugs
- Bedbugs are ready to travel for 5 to 20 feet from their shelters just to feed on a host.
- Bedbugs are primarily active at night but can also seek for food in daylight if they are hungry.
- Their feeding time varies between 3 to 13 minutes.
- Females can lay up to 3 eggs per day and about 200 to 500 eggs in her entire lifetime.
- Bedbugs have a capacity to remain active even as 7°C and are not able to tolerate a temperature as high as 45°C.
- Bites of these insects become visible after as long as 9 days.
How To Remove Bedbugs?
There are several ways to remove bedbug infestation from your bed. Some of them are explained below:
- Use Matter Safe Encasements
These safe products are meant to be placed on your mattress so that you don’t have to throw it away. These encasements are certified to be used against the bedbugs. If you plan to use an insecticide on the mattress, apply it directly on it after which it should be zipped up. These cases have a patented hook which confines the bedbugs inside them so that they are unable to escape.
Encasements can be used for a single mattress for over one year.
- Use Active Guard Liners
Active guard liners are placed on the beds and are said to be effective in removal as well as prevention of bedbugs. These liners are said to kill all the bedbugs within a time spa of over 72 hours. They also tend to prevent the infestation of bugs in the future.
Active guard liners work like a fitted sheet and are available in different sizes, for example, single bed, full bed, and queen and king sized beds
- Use Insecticides
For using insecticide, you must search the seams and folds of your mattress, the foot board, head board, frame, support platform, etc. to locate bedbugs.
You can apply the following insecticides to these areas after vaccuming them:
- Cimexa Dust
- Steri-Fab Bed Bug Spray
- Transport Mikron
- Temprid FX Insecticide
- Bedlam Aerosols
Preventing Bedbug Infestation
You can use the following tips to prevent bedbug infestation in the future:
- Always remember to replace your mattress every 2 to 3 years
- Vaccum your carpets frequently
- Protect your mattress by using protective bed covers
- Use essential oils to keep bedbugs away
- Clear out the clutter to cut down places for shelter to these bedbugs