Whenever we talk about sickness diseases, our mind’s radar brings it to only physical illnesses. We never consider the mental sickness that some people often suffer from. The person suffering from any of these psychological diseases is said to be “crazy” or out of his mind. In old times, People did not consider psychological disorders as illness. But the time has changed now and people have started accepting psychological diseases as a treatable. It is not wrong to say that mental diseases are one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases. There are many physiological disorders that people are suffering from but they themselves do not know about it because it is very rare to discuss or to give knowledge about to people about diagnosing them. Here are the most underrated psychological disorders that people do not try to diagnose.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism is one of the psychological disorders which is mostly diagnosed in children. Children with Autism spectrum disorder face difficulties to communicate with others. Most of them feel troubled while relating with other as well.
Symptoms of Autism spectrum disorder that the suffering children might suffer from include
- Relating to others
- Prefers to be alone
- Has trouble expressing needs and emotions
- Dislikes being embraced
- Avoids eye contact
- Repeats words, phrases, or actions
- sensitive to smell, taste, or sound
- Doesn’t get signals from body language, tone of voice, and expressions
Most children are treated by interventions or therapies, that help these victims reduce the symptoms and develop several skill sets.
American Psychiatric Association defines schizophrenia as a chronic psychological disorder. It is diagnosed in about one percent of the population only. When schizophrenia is active, symptoms can include:
- Disorganized speech
- Catatonic behavior
- Emotional flatness
If a person has any two of these symptoms, he/she can be diagnosed with schizophrenia.
People with schizophrenia show better results over time. For every five people who develop schizophrenia:
- One will get better within five years of their first symptoms.
- Three will get better, but will still have times when their symptoms get worse.
- One will continue to have troublesome symptoms.
All these symptoms are treatable and most of the people with schizophrenia show surprising results of improvement over the time.
Bipolar disorder is a psychological disorder and a person who is suffering from this disease faces extreme mood swings from high (mania) to low (depression) and vice versa. There are some very common symptoms that are found in a person suffering from Bipolar disorder;
- Feeling hopeless, sad, or empty.
- Inability to experience pleasure.
- Physical and mental sluggishness.
- Fatigue or loss of energy.
Bipolar disorder is diagnosed in more than 5 million people in the United States which mean that it is not a rare disease. Moreover, this psychological disorder is more likely to receive bipolar diagnoses in women than men.
A panic attack is a sudden attack of anxiety and fear. A person who is suffering from panic disorder has his heart pound so fast that he finds it difficult to breathe. Anxiety And Depression Association Of America (ADAA) says panic attack includes at least any four of the following symptoms:
- Palpitations, or accelerated heart rate
- Trembling or shaking
- Sensations of shortness of breath
- Feelings of choking
- Chest pain
- Abdominal distress
- Feeling unsteady, dizzy, or faint
- Heat or chills sensations
- Fear of going crazy
- Fear of dying
There are many useful medications and therapies that benefit people who are suffering from this psychological disorder.
Anxiety disorders are a group of psychological disorders that are characterized by some specific feelings of anxiety and fear. People suffer from this disorder when they start fearing about the future or continuously keep thinking about anything that happened in past.
Some common symptoms of Anxiety disorder are:
- Can’t stay calm and still
- Fear, and uneasiness
- Sleep problems
- Cold and sweaty, numb or hands or feet
- Heart palpitations
- Dry mouth
- Shortness of breath
- Tense muscles
Doctors start medications if any symptom is seriously diagnosed in a person. Anxiety disorder is easily controlled by medications and by some different therapies.