The UK National Health Service has issued a warning to doctors amid coronavirus spread regarding a rare but dangerous reaction in children which may possibly be linked to coronavirus. An urgent alert reported intensive care departments treating children who are gravely ill with uncommon symptoms. Although less than 20 cases have been reported, the concern may gain more severity if ignored. The reason behind it remains unknown.
“These cases happen when someone with Kawasaki disease gets Covid-19 and that produces complications,” said one NHS source. At least one victim has received ECMO treatment which is only used in life threatening situations. NHS has reported an apparent rise in the number of cases of multi-system inflammatory state. Some experts doubt that there maybe “some unidentified, infectious pathogen” linked with these cases.
Dr Nazima Pathan, a consultant in Paediatric Intensive Care in Cambridge, reported that UK is not the only country to notice such cases. She told that Italy and Spain have also witnessed some cases in children. Telling details about the noticed situation of children, she said “Some of the children have presented with a septic shock type illness and rashes – the kind of presentation we would expect to see in toxic shock syndrome and Kawasaki disease (which affects blood vessels and the heart)”. According to her, a very low number of children is admitted to the intensive care units.
Although the number is low, the risk is still there. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) reassured the parents that caring for their children requires them to know when to seek medical assistance for their child. The NHS national clinical director, Prof. Simmon Kenny, said “The advice to parents remains the same: if you are worried about your child for whatever reason, contact NHS 111 or your family doctor for urgent advice, or 999 in an emergency, and if a professional tells you to go to hospital, please go to hospital.”
The RCPCH issued a list of symptoms for the parents which if noted in a child, must be reported immediately to the NHS. These symptoms include facing breathing difficulties, becoming pale, developing rash which does not disappear with pressure and irregular breathing patterns. According to the letter issued by NHS, “Abdominal pain and gastrointestinal symptoms have been a common feature, as has cardiac inflammation. This has been observed in children with confirmed PCR positive Sars-CoV-2 infection as well as children who are PCR negative.”