The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has started collaborated with the Food, Drug, and Administration (FDA) states, and local health departments to investigate the causes of the recent endemic outbreak of vape related lung injuries in USA. Approximately 80% of patients with lung disease who are younger than 35 years were involved in using an e-cigarette, vape, and other products that involve smoking.
Half the number of patients is under the age of 25 who engaged themselves with this disease. This investigation is carried out at all the states, over 2000 patients involving the vast variety of different brands, chemicals, and e-cigarette or vaping products.
During the period of inspection, the number of cases increases at a rapid rate including the new cases, which make it tougher to find out the cause and risk factors of the disease outbreak. Currently, CDC and FDA both are unable to define the cause and related risk factors that lead to lung injuries in the reported cases. However, CDC has shared the recommendations of the investigation report in ATLANTA, on Nov 5, 2019, to ensure the public safety at all levels.
As the cause of the lung injuries is still not identified by the CDC and FDA, the only thing that is common among the patients is the extreme use of e-cigarettes and vaping products. Only one factor or cause is not making a person predispose to disease but there are several causes that involved in the lung injuries.
After carrying the lab test of many patients by FDA it was reported that THC is present in most of the samples taken from disease persons.
The patients also complain of using THC containing products in their routine life. The recent findings at national and state levels indicate that THC product practice is more prevalent in off-street and informal sources (e.g. family members, friends, illegal dealers) that become the major cause of this outbreak.
Till the date, no one is sure about what causes these so-called vape related lung injuries so the only suggestions that experts are giving to the patients to stop using the e-cigarettes and vaping products.
This the only way that makes you assure that a person is not at the risk of lung disease. The people especially adults should consider the harmful aspects of using the e-cigarettes.
To quit smoking FDA suggests following replacement therapies for nicotine that will make a person less prone to lung injuries, as all tobacco product has a risk of disease.
People using vaping products and e-cigarettes should be monitored carefully for the symptoms. They must consult any healthcare provider as soon as possible if they happen to develop any symptoms. the typical symptoms include coughing, chest pain, shortness of breathing, stomach or abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, fatigue, and weight loss.
If a person is unable to quit smoking, he must contact his area healthcare centers. They will provide the most effective treatments with faster recovery. They use evidence-based therapies and medications approved by the FDA to eliminate the habit of using vaping and e-cigarettes in all patients.
To seek any help regarding the treatment therapies it is necessary to talk to any healthcare provider. For more details, visit the website of Substance abuse and mental health services administration (SAMHSA) for local treatment facilities.