Stomatitis may occur at any time during a child’s growth. There are different types of stomatitis which have different symptoms and effects on one’s health. Generally, stomatitis-the inflammation of mouth can occur in the children between the ages of six months to five years but most common in children aged one to two years old. Usually, it affects the mucous membrane (skin covering) inside the surface of the mouth. But in order to understand how it affects the children differently, first, have a look at the types of Stomatitis.
Types of Stomatitis
There are generally two main types of Stomatitis.
- Canker Sores: Canker sores are usually pale white or yellowish in color with a red outer ring. The harsh sores are normally present inside of the lips, cheeks or on the tongue. According to research, the Canker sores are more commonly present in the female teenagers as compared to men. And females are likely to have more canker sores during their premenstrual period. These harmful sores are more common now as according to statistics approximately 56 million Americans annually suffer from this kind of painful sores.
2. Cold Sores: Cold sores are small in size, but are relatively more painful than canker sores. They are full of fluid, commonly present near the lips or on the edge of mouth. These Cold sores usually appear in a dry form with a yellowish outline.
Normally, Cold sores last around 5 to 7 days and they usually come back after some time as according to statistics 40% of adult Americans tend to have repeated cold sores after some time.
What are the common causes of Stomatitis?
Stomatitis can be caused due to various factors as there is no specific reason behind its occurrence. Some of the most common reasons are discussed below.
Poorly Fitted Braces: The poorly fitted braces or oral appliances which cause biting the cheek, tongue or lip is one of the most common reasons of having Stomatitis among the adults.
Chemotherapy treatment: Chemotherapy treatment and radiation which is done for the cancer patients causes these painful sores.
- Any sort of infection
- Viral infection such as herpes, etc.
- Bacterial infection
- Sexually transmitted infection such as HIV AIDS, Hepatitis B, etc.
- Smoking: Daily smoking and chewing of tobacco can lead to Stomatitis.
- Weaker immunity: Weak immune system due to allergic reactions or any other reason can cause rapid Stomatitis (once in a month generally).
- Medications and the reactions: Strong medications which can cause any sort of reaction to your bodies such as sulfa drugs, anti-epileptics, etc or irritation due to the use of strong chemical substances can lead to this problem.
- Stress and anxiety: Physical or emotional stress strongly affects the food items we eat and then the reaction leads to severe Stomatitis. The normal food items responsible for it are the acidic foods, tomatoes, eggplant and food that have gluten in it.
- Nutritional deficiencies: The nutritional deficiencies such as lack of Vitamin B12, Iron, Folate, etc can cause Stomatitis.
What is the treatment for Stomatitis?
A professional doctor would definitely try to analyze the patient according to the above-mentioned possible causes and treatment will be dependent on its cause.
- If the patient is having Stomatitis due to any ‘Allergic reaction’ then the doctor will try to identify what are the causes of allergy and how to eliminate its after-effects.
- If the patient is having Stomatitis due to any ‘Infection’ then the treatment would be done through the specialized medications of the particular infection.
- If the patient is having Stomatitis due to any ‘Disease’, the doctor would immediately try to identify and treat it first.
- If the patient is having Stomatitis due to any ‘Nutritional Deficiency’, the doctor would try to address the nutritional problems with proper supplements or diet.
In terms of precautions, it is better to use any medicated mouthwash, use a soft toothbrush, maintain proper nutrition, stay hydrated and give importance to the oral health care for avoiding the Stomatitis.