Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in a specific body organ. It starts from one organ and then spreads to all others. After a certain time, it can cover all the organs of the body. To know if cancer may be curable or not, unfortunately, there is not enough data on it yet. But an early diagnosis of cancer can help to find better treatment. Some of the cancers that are curable include melanoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, breast, prostate, testicular, cervical, and thyroid cancer.
After years of research, scientists have estimated cancer to be one leading cause of death. The National Cancer Institute reports the diagnoses of 1,735,350 new cases with the US last year. It also suggests that approximately 609,640 people will suffer from death by cancer.
Curing cancer means to remove all signs of cancer from the patient’s body. Usually, cancer remits itself during cancer therapy and comes back in later years. However, a cure for cancer means completely eradicating cancer cells.
There are many factors that add up to make a cancer therapy successful. Researchers often use a statistic test “the 5-year survival rate” to estimate cancer’s mortality rate. It doesn’t tell if a treatment is successful to cure cancer or not. Following types of cancer may be curable if the doctor is able to detect it on time.
Stage 0 and stage 1 of breast cancer has up to 100% survival rate. Any women identified with breast cancer at these two stages are much likely to survive it without getting any worse. For those who don’t know, the stages of cancer show size, spread and exact location of the tumor.
Stage 0 breast cancer means that abnormal cells are growing within the breast. On the other side, stage 1 of breast cancer means that tumors, less than 2 cm in size are growing within breast cells but they are not spread to other organs. At these two stages, the cells may not even be cancerous. But if the doctor is able to locate and remove affected cells, it ensures a speedy recovery.
Thyroid cancer is fairly common and has a high survival rate in the US that goes up to 100%. Like other cancer cells, thyroid cancer cells grow really slow at stage 1 and 2. But this is a good thing because it may give a doctor more time to diagnose it and start treatment.
Next in line is testicular cancer, which has a 99% survival rate. Successful treatment means to completely remove the affected cells. But it may not be a viable option if the cancer is spread to other organs. At early stages, the doctor may remove one or both testicles to prevent the spread.
Prostate cancers may be curable at stage 1 and stage 2. The relative survival rate of the prostate cell shows up to a 99% success rate. Cell growth in the prostate area is extremely slow. Sometimes it doesn’t even have obvious symptoms. That is why it may take years to diagnose this type of cancer. If the cells are not showing any change in size, there may be no treatment required for them. these types of tumors are harmless.
Cervical cancer has up to 93% relative survival rate on early stages. Stage 0 and stage 1 show an abnormal cell growth that is not spreading to other organs. In cervical cancer, the growth rate is extremely slow that gives more time to the doctors to start a treatment.
Melanoma (Skin Cancer)
The survival rate of melanoma is between 92-97% on stage 1. The reason why it has a high survival rate is that it is easy to detect even at early stages. Melanoma is the cancer of the skin and any obvious change in skin is not ignorable. However, without its diagnosis, melanoma may spread to other organs and completely take over. Here, the survival rate gradually decreases with the spread of cancer.
At stage 1 and 2, Hodgkin lymphoma has up to 90% survival rate. The radiation treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most effective therapies that may cure cancer at early stages. However, at later stages, the cancer cells may not respond well to cancer radiation therapy.