With each passing year, there is an increase in health challenges around the globe. Even though there have been a lot of developments in medical science, some of the health issues remain to be a big concern for health professionals such as diabetes type 2.
According to the data from the World Health Organization, diabetes type 2 and other metabolic disorders are among the top causes of death worldwide.
Not only do the metabolic disorders affect the quality of life but also increase the risk of developing other harmful health issues. These include heart disease and stroke.
Since all of such issues are on the rise, there is also an increase in research on this matter. Previous studies on the matter suggest that diet plays a vital role in metabolic disorders and related health conditions.
Hence, the patients of diabetes type 2 are also often recommended to have a diabetes-specific diet to help the medication work better. However, there is also a debate on whether which diet is better for people with metabolic issues or diabetes type 2.
Recently, new research looks further into the matter and explores the effects of a popular diet on diabetes type 2.
Low carbohydrate diets are common today in weight loss programs. These are also prevalent among people with certain health conditions.
Researchers from Ohio State University look at how it may also potentially help people who are at the risk of having type 2 diabetes. The findings of the research are published in the Journal Of Clinical Investigation Insight.
How Was the Research Conducted?
To know whether low-carb diets cut down the risk of developing diabetes type 2, the researchers particularly looked at people who had been given a diagnosis of metabolic issues. This is because metabolic issues are among the first signs of a risk of having diabetes in the future.
A total of ten men and six women, each with a given diagnosis, were observed by the researchers. These participants were then given three diets – a low carb, moderate carb, and a high carb diet. Each of these was followed for a period of around four weeks and the study time lasted for around four months.
Another important part to note here is that the diets designed in accordance with the participants’ daily caloric need so that they would not lose weight during the time of the research.
In all three diets, the protein content was fixed at twenty percent but the fat and carbohydrate intake was different. The low carb diet had six percent carbs, the moderate thirty-two percent, and the high fifty-seven percent.
Similarly, the fat content in the low carb diet was seventy-four percent, moderate forty-eight percent, and twenty-three percent in the high carb.
What Were the Results?
After every month of following each of the diets, the researchers checked the levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the participants. It was then found that the participants had improvements in both of these after following a low carbohydrate diet.
In addition, the participants also had a decreased amount of saturated fat in their bloodstream even though the low-carb diet had a high-fat content. This was particularly surprising for the researchers as this was not expected at all.
Secondly, the size of the cholesterol particles also seemed to be bigger than before. This reduces the possibility of developing cardiovascular problems in the future.
Thirdly, nearly all of the participants improved their symptoms so much that none of them qualified for the previously received metabolic syndrome diagnosis. This also includes the person who consumed a high-carb diet.
According to the researchers, this was because it was probably because the person consumed even more carbs on a daily basis than the diet. They are also hopeful that further research on this matter can even potentially help people with diabetes type 2 and metabolic syndrome.