The modern day life comes with much more advanced technology and much more facilities in comparison with that of a decade ago. Many of the activities that were once considered hard have no been made easy.
In fact, a person is just one click away from getting their weekly groceries, necessities, and even clothes and luxury items. Healthwise, there have also been significant developments. Treatments for diseases and health conditions which were once considered fatal are available now.
In addition, there are increased services and support groups for people suffering from particular health conditions.
Many of the necessary medicines can also be delivered at the doorstep for the person needing it and such treatments are also much more economical and affordable.
In fact, people do not even need a health professional for everyday health conditions now as everything is available on the internet from early symptoms to ways of managing the issue.
However, the new lifestyles also come with new health challenges such as the higher risk of heart diseases. According to scientists, problems such as these can be blamed on the sedentary lifestyles people have.
The majority of the adults do not meet their daily requirements of exercise due to busy schedules. Secondly, most of the jobs also require sitting all day. Many people often ask at this point that whether doing both is equally harmful.
Research conducted by scientists from Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University answers this very question. This is a fairly important topic as heart diseases are among the top killers of the world. The findings are published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Read the study here.
How Was the Study Conducted?
Usually, the perception of the general public is that sitting at home for hours will the same effects as spending a long period of time sitting on the office chairs. However, the researchers in the new study prove it otherwise.
To make a distinction between sitting at home and at work, the researchers incorporated a group of African-American participants.
Choosing only one race was due to the fact that most of the research on this matter included only white European people but, in accordance with the scientists, the outcomes of the research can be applied to people from all races.
At the beginning of the study, data was collected from a total of 3,592 participants. These participants had also been a part of the Jackson Heart Study which was conducted to know more about the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal health.
The data from the Jackson Heart Study covered almost eight years six months. It included information mandatory for the new study such as how much the participants spent on exercising, sitting at home, and at their respective jobs.
What Were the Results?
After going through the daily lifestyles of the participants and other health factors, the team of scientists noted that people who spent four or more hours sitting in front of television had a fifty percent increase in their risk of developing heart disease and premature death.
However, the participants who spent around the same time working while sitting in chairs did not have an increased risk. The explanation for this is still unclear.
According to scientists, this may be due to the timing of both the activities. For example, people have food and spend time sitting for hours after it. People working are also more likely to take breaks and walk around in comparison with those sitting at home.
More research is needed to investigate the matter further. For the time being, the researchers suggest exercising more often rather than sitting all day and watching television.