Nonavailability of water is related to many other adversities. It is the basic cause issues like lack of sanitation and hygiene. According to the recent report of UNICEF –WHO, has claimed that there are billions of people who are suffering due to problems with the availability of water. And the number might amaze you as it is huge.
There are 2.2 billion people who are suffering due to unavailability of water or the only water available to them is not safe to drink, or is contaminated with harmful chemicals. 4.2 billion are battling poor sanitization conditions and the hazard it brings with it. 3 billion individuals even lack the water or services to wash their hands.
UNICEF’s Associate Director at the Department of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene, Kelly Ann Naylor also showed her plans and concerns regarding the supply of water globally.
According to her, just the excess to water is not enough. She is keen on the provision of safe and clean water.
She says that it is important for the poor and people from the less developed areas to get the same quality of resources as the rich people are using. If not the same quality, it should be close as it is the basic requirement to bring people from different economic and geographical backgrounds together.
What measures is UNICEF taking for its provision?
UNICEF recently published a Joint Monitoring Programme Report. The report concerns the maters of the provision of clean water, Hygiene, and sanitization. The report discusses the achievements and advancements made in the matter.
It informs people how 1.8 billion people were provided excess to clean water since the year 2000. But this is not enough as must faster services and measures are required to reach the goal by 2030 to provide everyone to basic necessities of life.
The goal is that by 2030 they can bring all men and women to the same economic levels, provision of clean water and environment is also a small but very crucial aspect of this goal.
In 2015, the number of sources for clean drinking water was increased. As per the report, 6.5 billion people can now access clean water sources. The good thing is that the 6.5 billion people who use these clean water sources, just have the travel time of 30 minutes from the source near them.
The concern is that the 844 million people left, who are not using these clean sources are still using local sources like unsafe, wells or lakes or some other water sources that are not approved by the WHO as safe sources of water.
The report also brings into light the latest data on other water-based problems. For example, it was reported in 2017, 3 billion individual lack the facility of clean and hygienic ways of cleaning their hands. Poor environmental conditions due to lack of clean water sources are causing different diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, thyroid and many other infections and diseases.
It is the dire need of time that the local people, as well as the government, invests in cost saving and reliable methods for cleaning water, thus the coming hazards can be prevented.