The modern-day lifestyles are much more hectic than that of a decade ago. Young adults are under increasing pressure of making the most out of their time and juggling between family, work, and social life. Many even have to manage more than one jobs to make the ends meet.
As a consequence, many are not left with enough time to concentrate on themselves. This means that they get no time to relax which in turn affects both their work performance as well as their mental and physical health.
Practices such as these are more harmful than most people assume. The increase in workload is often tied to the rise of new health issues and problems. A lot of health-related challenges have become global pandemics.
For instance, health professionals from throughout the globe have shown their concerns regarding the increase in cases of type 2 diabetes. Inability to control diabetes means problems like blood pressure fluctuations, heart disease, and obesity also become more common.
Since all of these issues are among the top killers of the world and linked with each other, there is an increase in research on all of them. For example, new research studies how strength training may aid in people managing diabetes.
The study was conducted at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil and its findings are published in the Journal of Endocrinology.
Read the study here.
How Was the Study Conducted?
Leandro Pereira de Moura, one of the leading authors of the study, states that the main observation of the research was to look at the effects of strength training on the fatty tissue deposits in the liver since the liver is the main organ affected in diabetes.
Mainly, it is the liver that is responsible for the production of the hormone insulin which is mandatory in controlling blood-sugar levels. Too much fat in the body means it also gets deposited in the liver. This may lead to various liver problems, diabetes, and even liver failure.
In order to study how the fat deposits in the liver are affected by strength training, the team looked at three models of lab rodents. The three groups were divided on the basis of diet and exercise.
Group 1 was given a standard diabetes diet with no strength training, group 2 contained a high-fat diet with no training, and the last group had a diet similar to group 2 but also had a strength training session for fourteen days.
Strength training in the mice was conducted by making them climb stairs with weights on the tail a total of twenty times with 90-second intervals.
What Were the Results?
After observing the mice for fifteen days, the scientists found that mice in all groups still remained to be obese but the third group had different results in their blood-sugar levels. The levels were overall significantly improved and much better than the mice in the first two groups.
These results were directly tied to the session of interval training as concluded by the scientists. Exercise helped in decreasing the fat deposits in the liver by twenty-five to thirty percent. Furthermore, it also helped get rid of inflammatory proteins.
The reason why this happens, as hypothesized by the team, was that strength training led to metabolic changes which made the liver more responsive to insulin.
Moreover, another hypothesis was hat a protein named clusterin formed a link between muscles and the liver which in turn benefitted the liver tissue. Further research into both of these hypotheses may help in the development of an alternative treatment for diabetes patients in the future.