The most reported Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s), in the annual survey of WHO, were syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and gonorrhea. 127 million cases of chlamydia, 156 of trichomoniasis, 6.3 million for syphilis and 6.3 million cases gonorrhea were reported by people in recent years.
As per the report of the World Health Organization by the UN, a total of 376 million cases of just these remediable sexually transmitted infections were reported in the past year.
Dr. Peter Salama, Executive Director of Universal Health Coverage at the world has shown his concern regarding these cases in the recent report of WHO.
His concerns are that the emergence of these cases worldwide, in a large number shows that the health and preventive measures we are taking against diseases are not very fruitful. He also stated that if we want to eliminate these infections, we need to make sure that the services for their treatment are being followed worldwide.
Why STI’s are still an interminable health threat globally?
Despite, lots of efforts made by different health institution and WHO, the people of the Middle and low-income countries still don’t have enough information about the infections, let alone the preventive measures.
In-depth sexuality education, condom promotion – to induce safe sex, educating and targeting the sex workers with drug usage, etc. could take us a step closer to the prevention of STI’s.
All these sexually transmitted infections mentioned above are curable with a timely diagnosis. Accurate diagnostic procedures are expensive and are mostly used by developed countries. These diagnostic procedures are proved very effective in the case of infections that have no early symptoms or no symptoms at all.
This facility is mostly unavailable in the developing and undeveloped world. The places where the diagnosis and treatments are not geographically feasible to all the population.
The limited resources and their ineffective distribution remain the reason due to which these still remain a health threat worldwide.
What measures would expand the excess to treatment?
As there are limited resources with the developing and underdeveloped countries, the World Health Organization has intervened in the matter. They have announced to provide resources to Middle and low-income countries and organizations battling against the Sexually Transmitted Infections, to stop or control this global hazard.
In the reports of WHO has pointed out the increasing number of cases being reported worldwide. They hope that with their collaboration with other institution fighting this cause they can bring STI’s in control and eventually bring a decline in the number of cases.
In their assembly in 2016 they have decided to start evidence-based research, to provide global services that can be rendered effective results, for bring about betterment in Public health by bringing a visible decline in curable Sexually Transmitted Infections by 2030.