The focus of World No Tobacco Day This was Lung Health and the effect of smoking on the lungs.
This year World No Tobacco Day celebrated on 31st of May, by UN focused on two main motives:
- The integral role of lungs in the health and well-being of humans.
- The negative role that tobacco in causing harm to lung health and the disease caused by its use.
Despite the death toll caused by lung diseases, people keep being ignorant of their lung health and the reasons for these diseases.
It is reported that lung diseases cause almost 4 million deaths every year. Most of this damage is done by the use of tobacco actively as well as passively. WHO mentioned their research that the number of lung-related diseases was 3.3 million in 2017.
UN office in Geneva has also strengthened its smoke and vape-free policy. Thus, highlighting the importance of tobacco-free world. It is said that tobacco smoke contains 7000 chemicals and 69 of which are the direct cause of cancer. This step is taken to eliminate the cause of indoor pollution caused due to tobacco smoke.
Complications caused by use of tobacco
There are a number of lung complications that are just caused by the use of tobacco. The disease to top this list is cancer. The use of tobacco does not cause lung cancer but it also is a cause of cancer in other respiratory organs.
Using tobacco also causes other respiratory diseases to expect cancer. It is the biggest cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases. Infants exposed to tobacco inside the uterus or at a very early age, suffer from underdeveloped lungs and other respiratory disorders throughout their lives.
Tuberculosis TB is another disease that affects the functioning of the lungs and the use of tobacco by suffers takes them closer to death.
Tobacco smoke has also contributed to increasing air pollution. It not only effects the air outdoors but also pollutes the indoor air.
In a controlled experiment conducted in Italy, in a garage led to the conclusion that pollutants coming out of a diesel car exhaust are 10 times less harmful than that of pollutants of tobacco smoke.
Tobacco doesn’t only harm the smokers but is also harmful to non-smokers as well. Moreover, it is said that secondary-smokers who spend time in the company of smokers have 20% to 30% chances of developing lung cancer.
What needs to be done?
On the World, No Tobacco Day UN has also brought attention to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and urged countries to support the UN in its mission by following the guidelines of this convention.
They have also asked countries to make such laws that reduce the manufacture of tobacco products i.e. imposing more taxes to restrict its supply. Also, they urged people to create smoking free places and areas where the entry of smokers is prohibited.
Smoking zones should be created so smokers are confined to a small area. All these actions will eventually to discourage this habit. UN wants to set the world on track to reach its goal by 2030 by initiating this discussion on lung health on No Tobacco Day.