Why Is Chlamydia On The Rise?

Why Is Chlamydia On The Rise?

Medical advancements in the last decade have helped in getting rid of some of the most popular diseases and disorders from the past times but a number of them seem to be returning recently due to some of the common habits of people.

Sexually transmitted diseases, also called STDs, on the other hand, have become much more popular mostly because many do not seem to take them seriously unless they catch a dangerous STD such as AIDS.

The most commonly seen sexually transmitted disease around the globe is Chlamydia. It affected both women and men and can be treated easily with proper medication and preventions to keep it from returning.

The only challenge that can be encountered when it comes to the treatment of Chlamydia is its diagnosis and treatment after it has reached a serious stage. It is possible for someone to not experience any signs of Chlamydia at all.

However, this does not mean the disease should not be taken seriously. Not only can it spread to the partner of the person having it but can cause dangerous effects if not taken care of.


RELATED: What Should You Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)


What Is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases and has also made a comeback in recent years. This has also lead to it making the top ten reasons why people take professional medical help.

The reason why this disease is so common is the fact that it easily spreads from one person to another. Bacteria causes Chlamydia that can be transmitted through incidental contact, vagina, oral, and anal intercourse.

In accordance with the safety guidelines from American Sexual Health Association, even if a person uses condoms for avoiding Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases, it should be used before any sort of skin to skin sexual contact. It should also be left on until there is no more contact.

Today, Chlamydia has become astounding common. According to the recent CDC reports, around 1,526,658 cases of Chlamydia infections were reported in the year 2015. In addition, in the United States, the estimated numbers are actually twice this number.

It is estimated that around 2.86 million cases of Chlamydia infections occur each year in the United States. Further research has shown that two-thirds of these cases happen to occur in young adults from the age of 15-24.

There was a rise in concern about Chlamydia after this particular statistic because of the dangerous complications that can come with the infection and because the disease can easily spread from one person to another since it is highly contagious.

Additionally, young adults are not the only ones getting affected by Chlamydia. The statistic also showed that over one million adults that have crossed the age of 25 also catch Chlamydia infection and are mostly not even aware of having it.

It is important for anyone who is sexually active to get tested as well as follow preventive measures for Chlamydia unless a person is in a monogamous relationship and has been tested in the past. Looking at the effects the infection has, it is better to avoid it.

Chlamydia can cause permanent and often severe damage to the reproductive system. Secondly, in women, it can also make it really tough or even impossible to conceive. Ectopic pregnancy, a life-threatening condition, can also be linked to a Chlamydia infection.

It is also possible to catch a Chlamydia infection during pregnancy. In case this happens, the baby also gets infected during childbirth. Some of the effects of Chlamydia infection while being pregnant are premature birth, pneumonia, and severe eye infections.

Therefore, Chlamydia should be considered a serious problem and medical help should be taken while having it. Continuation of treatment is also fairly important since incomplete treatments can cause the infection to come back.

Prevention of Chlamydia can be done through simple ways suggested by doctors and CDC, such as using protection as long as there is sexual contact and getting regular tests especially if you have multiple partners.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

As mentioned above, the symptoms of Chlamydia are hard to notice or taken seriously by people even when they know they are having them. According to a report by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, around 75% of the women and 50% of the men do not they have Chlamydia infection.

Knowing the signs of Chlamydia can be helpful and can help anyone notice the symptoms when having them. Following are the symptoms of Chlamydia that can be watched in women:

  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Painful intercourse
  • Lower back pain
  • Painful urination with a burning feeling
  • Fever
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Inflammation or infection of the eyes
  • Bleeding between periods
  • A persistent sore throat
  • Rectal pain
  • Rectal discharge or bleeding
  • Nausea
  • Bleeding after intercourse

The Chlamydia symptoms in men include the following:

  • A persistent sore throat
  • Rectal pain
  • Rectal discharge or bleeding
  • Testicular swelling, pain, or tenderness
  • Inflammation or infection of the eyes
  • Painful urination or burning feeling
  • Redness, swelling, or itching around the opening of the urethra
  • Yellow-white, milky, cloudy or thick discharge from the penis

What Are The Causes Of Chlamydia Infections?

Every person who is sexually active is at the risk of catching a Chlamydia infection especially nowadays. While the CDC statistics highlight that the two-thirds of people who reportedly have Chlamydia are young adults, older adults are not safe from the infection either.

There are a number of habits which can increase the chances of catching a Chlamydia infection. In order to take preventive measures, it is good to know those habits and later do something about those habits if you have them.

The most common ways Chlamydia infection is passed on or caught are:

  • Being a young man or woman/adolescent with a sexually active life
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Improper use of condiments
  • Having a partner or partners who can be labeled as high-risk and likely to have the infection
  • Having unprotected intercourse

In addition to these habits, a number of other things should also be known. In accordance with a study published in 2017 that certain bacteria in the vagina may increase a woman’s risk of developing or catching the Chlamydia infection.

The study focused on two different types of bacteria and their number. Women with a dominance of Lactobacillus iners were seen to be at a higher risk of having Chlamydia compared to women with the dominance of L. crispatus in their flora.

While the study highlighted a potential factor in catching the infection, the reason why this happens is still unknown.

What Can You Do?

The reports by Psychology Reports have shown that Chlamydia and sexually transmitted diseases generally are on a rise in both young adults and the seniors. Chlamydia infections reportedly rose 32% from 2007 to 2015 while syphilis had an increase of 52%.

The senior communities were seen to have an even larger rise of about 87% between the years of 2005 and 2009. These STDs have even been seen to spread a lot in senior homes. Clearly, young adults are not the only ones in need of knowing ways of safe intercourse.

Looking at the high risk of catching a Chlamydia infection while looking at the evidence of statistics, it is suggested to inquire about a partner’s sexual health history before engaging in any form of physical contact.

Not only can it help you avoid catching the infection if your partner has one but can help your partner get properly treated if he or she has not been already.



Hilary Jensen

Hilary is a Food Science and Nutrition graduate with specialization in diet planning and weight loss. She enjoys reading and writing on Food, Nutrition, Diet, Weight Loss, and General Health.

Leave a Reply
Your email address will not be published. *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

error: Content is protected !!