More than 80% of the U.S. adults do not observe the recommended guidelines for resistance training and aerobic exercise. Only 1 out of every 3 people manages to meet the weekly target of exercise.
Have you ever wondered why the U.S. population is so sedentary? This New research may have the answer: inorganic phosphate.
Scientists have recently discovered the link between inorganic phosphate and sedentary lifestyles in mice models as well as humans.
Phosphate refers to a particle coming from phosphorus, a mineral that your body requires to build bones and teeth and repair them, cause muscle contractions, and initiate nerve functions.
The findings of this study can be found in the journal named Circulation.
How is Phosphate a Health Risk?
Manufacturers tend to add phosphate in the food in order to enhance its taste and to keep its freshness intact for a longer period of time. This additive is mostly present in sausages, processed meat, cola drinks, baked goods, canned fish, ham, and soft drinks.
In normal cases, your kidneys are in control of how much phosphate should be present in the blood. They also help filter out the excess in the form of urine.
However, in case of any renal impairment, the flushing out of excessive phosphate might be reduced which led the scientists to call it as a health risk.
Some studies have also indicated that inorganic phosphate is associated with an increased risk of people suffering from kidney disease.
Phosphate and Physical Activity
In this study, the scientists took two groups of healthy mice and fed them with a similar diet. However, one of these groups were given some extra amount of phosphate to a degree equal to that of the U.S. adults.
According to the researchers, up to 25 percent of the adults in the United States consume 3 to 4 times the amount of phosphate than the recommended dose.
The mouse experiment continued for 12 weeks and the scientists noticed some interesting findings. The group consuming phosphate-enriched diet was found to spend less time on the treadmill. The group also showed a lower cardiac fitness in general.
The mice that consumed added phosphate levels also showed an impairment of their fat-burning metabolism. In addition to this, they also found that the genes that normally help in the processing of fat and metabolism of cells were altered in these rodents.
During the second part of the study, the team took into account 1600 healthy people. The participants were made to wear a fitness tracker for a week which helped the researches monitor their level of exercise.
The researchers found that people with high phosphate levels in their blood showed more sedentary lifestyles as compared to those who had lower levels.
The study is significant as it urges the food industry to start labeling their foods with respect to the amount of phosphate in it. However, the researchers say that this study is only the beginning of a vast field. More research is warranted to turn this goal into reality.