Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family “Cannabaceae.” It includes one of the most controversial species of plants. For example,
- Cannabis sativa
- Cannabis indica
- Cannabis reduralis
All of these species exhibit tremendous medicinal and therapeutic properties. However, cannabis sativa is often doubted for its enhanced psychoactive ingredients. This article focuses on a comprehensive comparison between CBD, THC (the chemical derivates of Cannabis sativa) and one of the cannabis’ varieties called hemp.
This comparison aims at enumerating the confusing differences between the three. But, before comparing them let us find out what exactly these three are.
What is CBD, THC, and Hemp?
CBD or cannabidiol is one of the compounds derived from the cannabis plant. It is medically very beneficial in treating inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, spasms etc. It also presents a potential treatment for arthritis, diabetes, depression, lethargy, epilepsy etc.
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the primary psychoactive constituent of cannabis. It mainly triggers the psychological effects of the plant. It intends to enhance the cognitive functioning of the consumer affecting the production of dopamine.
However, it also causes delusions, induces hallucinations etc. THC is actually what makes the cannabis plant controversial. Its cognitive effects make it questionable before narcotics.
Hemp is one of the plant varieties included in the genus cannabis. It is typically found in the northern hemisphere. Hemp is typically used in nutraceuticals like health foods, organic body care etc.
How are CBD, THC, and Hemp different from each other?
CBD is primarily extracted from the hemp plant. It’s sold in the form of gels, gummies, oils, supplements etc. It is a derivative of the hemp plant.
On the other hand, THC is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana. It can be obtained from smoking marijuana. In addition, it is available in the form of oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules etc.
Hemp is an industrially purposed plant. It finds extensive uses not only in industries but also in human food. The fiber content of the plant is widely used in the textile industry. Moreover, hemp is also used to make ship rigs, boat sails, canvas, fishnets etc.
CBD is a non-psychoactive compound making the plant hemp a safer choice for consumption. However, THC is highly psychoactive and produces a strong sense of euphoria after binding with the receptors in the brain.
Which one of these is legal?
The issue of legality regarding the plant and its derivatives’ use is evolving day by day. Nevertheless, all forms of cannabis are illegal and are not legalized yet in the United States of America. The enhanced psychoactivity of the plant-based derivatives makes their use to be questioned as that of an illicit drug.
Both the derivatives CBD and THC have medicinal uses as well. CBD, as mentioned above, is effective against inflammation, depression, anxiety, seizures and more etc. THC, on the other hand, is beneficial against pain, glaucoma, low-appetite, insomnia, muscle spasticity etc.
Besides, hemp promotes healthy hair, skin, and nails. The oil extracted from the plant serves as an effective moisturizer. It is good for heart health and hormonal balance as well. In addition, hemp seed oil contains essential fatty acids that are crucial for normal brain development.
Sides effects, if any?
CBD offers fewer side effects even at large concentration. It is most likely to offer any side effect only as a result of drug-to-drug interactions between CBD and other medications.
On the contrary, high doses of THC cause temporary side effects including increased heart rate, coordination problems, dry mouth, red eyes, slower reaction times, and memory loss etc.
Hemp plant produces both CBD and THC. However, the concentration of CBD is higher in the hemp plant as compared to THC. Marijuana has a higher concentration of THC. It is also a variety of cannabis plants.
Summing up the whole story, CBD, THC, and hemp are closely related to each other but are not the same! They have closed similarities and slight differences making them one of their kinds.