How sugary drinks are linked to kidney disease risk?

How sugary drinks are linked to kidney disease risk?

The research, published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), declares that there is an association between sugary drinks and the likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). These sugary drinks include both soda and sweetened fruit drinks. CKD is the gradual loss of kidney function which can lead to kidney failure.


Higher collective consumption of sweetened fruit drinks, water, and soda was linked to a higher chance of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). This community-based study was conducted on African-American adults in Mississippi.


These findings contribute to the growing evidence pointing to the adverse health consequences of consuming sugar-sweetened beverages.


Certain beverages may affect kidney health, but study results have been varying. To provide more precision, Casey Rebholz Ph.D., MS, MNSP, MPH (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health) and her colleagues prospectively studied 3003 African-American men and women with normal kidney function. These participants were enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study.


There is a lack of information on the health consequences of the wide range of beverage options. Hence, there is limited information on which types of beverages are associated with kidney disease risk in particular.

Outcomes of the research

The researchers of the study assessed beverage intake through a food frequency questionnaire. It was administered at the start of the research in 2000-04, and they trailed participants until 2009-13.


Among the 3003 participants, 185 (6%) developed CKD over an average follow-up of 8 years. After alteration for confounding factors, beverage consumption consisting of soda, sweetened fruit drinks, and water was associated with a higher chance of developing CKD.


Participants who were in the top tertile of this beverage pattern consumption were 61% more likely to develop CKD than those in the bottom tertile.


It was astonishing for the researchers to see that water was a constituent of this beverage pattern. So it was also associated with a higher CKD risk. They observed that those study participants may have described their consumption of a variety of types of water, including sweetened and flavored water.


Unfortunately, the investigators did not gather information about brands or types of bottled water in the Jackson Heart Study.


In an associated editorial, researchers noted that the results hold strong public health implications. And some selected U.S. cities have reduced SSB [sugar sweetened beverage] consumption via taxation.


This cultural resistance to reduction in SSB consumption can be compared to the cultural resistance to smoking cessation during the 1960s after the Surgeon General report was released. During the 1960s, tobacco usage was regarded as a social choice. And not a medical or social public health issue.


In the early 1960s, more than 40 percent of American adults smoked. But according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number was reduced by by14 percent in 2017.


Thus, it is recommended to decrease consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks. Let’s see if people are as willing to give up their fruit juices, soft drinks, and energy drinks as they were cigarettes.



Sources (CJASN) (center for disease control and prevention)


The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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