What causes ringing in the ears?

What causes ringing in the ears?

Ringing ears is medically called tinnitus. It is the sound in the ear that is not from an external source. It is the artificial sound that is sometimes felt in ears or head.

What is ringing ears?

Ringing ears or tinnitus is the sound that is constantly felt. Sometimes it occasionally emerges and for most of the people, it may disappear after some time. Certain things such as an exposure to loud noise can trigger it.

Many people describe this sound like buzzing, swishing, hissing, clicking or any similar noise. This noise seems to originate from ear or head. As per National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) approximately 10% of adults in the U.S. have suffered from ringing ears at least 5 minutes in last one year. That makes nearly 25 million Americans who experienced short termed tinnitus last year. Note that only in the US, the prevalence of tinnitus is twice more than South. This is an extremely disturbing condition that is not even considered as a disease. People believe it to be a nuisance that goes away on its own. But some people with tinnitus may need medical treatment to get rid of ringing ears.

Where does this ringing originate?

Depending upon reason, a person may feel tinnitus to arise from any of the four parts of the hearing system. These four parts are as follows.

  • Outer ear
  • Middle ear
  • Inner ear
  • Brain

Sometimes ringing in ears is normal and it goes away after some minutes. For treating it, a number of techniques may work, depending upon the cause.

What are different types of Tinnitus?

Following are three types of tinnitus.

  • Subjective tinnitus

Subjective tinnitus is the most frequent type of tinnitus.

is the most common type of tinnitus because you hear a sound, but no one else can hear it. it is caused by infection of the outer, middle or inner ear. Also, it may be due to a problem in auditory nerves or auditory pathways.

  • Clicking or pulsatile tinnitus

This type of tinnitus feels like a buzzing noise. It sometimes feels that clicking or rushing sound is matching with your heartbeat.

  • Objective tinnitus

This is an uncommon rather rare type of tinnitus. In this condition, the ringing is much more obvious and sometimes your doctor may also hear this sound in a patient.

What causes tinnitus?

There are certain diseases, medicines, and conditions, which cause tinnitus. But one must know that tinnitus is not a disease. It’s just a symptom that is indicating a problem in hearing system. Some of the most common causes of tinnitus are following.

  • Hearing loss

One of the most common reasons behind tinnitus is hearing loss. Naturally when a person ages, hearing is affected. Or it may be due to a trauma that the ear is damaged. Modern theories suggest that this hearing part (cochlea) starts sending irregular or no signals to the brain and that’s why the brain gets confused. That’s why the brain creates some ambiguous noise, which is called tinnitus. This condition may get worse by an ear infection or any other ear disease.

  • Trauma

Many times, tinnitus is caused by trauma that your ear goes through. Usually, this trauma causes ringing ears in both ears because both ears are exposed to the same type of unusual noise, medicines or other things causing a trauma.

  • Exposure to loud noise

An exposure to an unusually loud noise is also a common cause of tinnitus. It affects the hearing in general and often causes hearing loss. Unfortunately, people aren’t much concerned about loud noise as a risk factor for ear problems. Not just the traffic, heavy machinery but also loud music counts as loud noise.

  • Medicines

many drugs such as aspirin, quinine, and some antibiotics, when used in high dose may show tinnitus as a side effect. That’s why doctors and researchers recommend using a safe dose for all medicines.

How get rid of ringing in ears?

Everyone suffering from ringing ear wants to know any way to get rid of tinnitus. Unfortunately, there is no proven cure for this condition. But many treatments can make you feel better. There are many ways by which it is possible to live and manage tinnitus for long. Take an appointment at your nearest healthcare unit to know the details.

Ringing ears leading to hearing loss

Many people who experience ringing ears or tinnitus end on hearing loss. The research on tinnitus shows that there is a direct relationship between it and hearing loss. A majority of people having tinnitus also have some problem in hearing.

If you are suffering from ringing ears, it needs to be treated. Hearing aids are a big help for those who are going through extreme hearing disabilities. If you think that you are going through the ringing in ears, you should contact a hearing professional or doctor as soon as possible.

 

 

 

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The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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