What Is the Link Between Infections and Cardiovascular Diseases?

What Is the Link Between Infections and Cardiovascular Diseases?

For most of the people, infections are just an everyday health issue. They can be disturbing and cause further complications, which is why people get treatment as soon as possible. What the vast majority does not know is that infections can even trigger much-complicated issues in the future.

A new study highlights the after-effects of having an infection. More importantly, it covered what no one knew before – the link between infections and cardiovascular diseases.

The researchers included in the study discovered that the likelihood of coronary diseases increases post three months of having an infection. Why is this so?

According to the team, the link between coronary diseases and the post-infection period can be explained by checking the immunity. The immune response of a person can play a big role in the development of any kind of conditions including cardiovascular diseases.

What Are Cardiovascular Diseases?

Cardiovascular disease is not a single condition but an umbrella term used for a number of related complications. This includes stroke, heart attack, heart failure as well as hypertension. These conditions are among the top causes of death worldwide.

Around eighty-four million people year in the United States alone have one of the problems mentioned above. In addition, 2,200 people also lose their lives every day due to cardiovascular diseases.

Health professionals have already warned about the factors that increase the risk of developing heart diseases. Some of these are manageable – such as smoking, high blood pressure, high LDL levels.

On the other hand, there are also some factors that unfortunately cannot be controlled. For example, sex, race, and having a family history of cardiovascular diseases.

In addition to these, there are also some known ‘acute’ factors that may cause a heart disease. Some researchers have also linked conditions like pneumonia and urinary tract infections with heart diseases.

You can read the study on this link here.

In a similar way, a new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association focuses on the link between infections and cardiovascular diseases.

The research was led by Dr. Kamakshi Lakshminarayan, a neurologist and associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.

How Was the Study Conducted?

The team of researchers along with Dr. Lakshminaryan looked at 1,312 who had a coronary disease, such as a myocardial infarction or a heart attack. These people were compared with 727 people who had an ischemic stroke.

The participants included both the people who had been hospitalized for treatment as well as outpatients.

The main focus of the team was on the infections the participants had prior to the cardiovascular problems. The most common infections seen in the 1-2 year medical history before the heart problems were respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, and pneumonia.

What Did the Study Find?

Out of all the participants, the researchers found that around 37% of them had an infection that led up to a coronary disease in a period of three months. The two weeks-post the infection were seen to have the highest risk of having cardiovascular diseases, especially a stroke and a heart attack.

Secondly, even though the link was seen in both the outpatients and inpatients, the latter were had higher chances of having a heart condition.

Read the full study here.

This can be explained by looking at the number of platelets produced by the immune system, according to the researchers. Too many platelets produced while having an infection increases the risk of blood clots.

What Can Be Done?

The production of smaller platelets along with white blood cells is the body’s natural response to an infection. The best way to stop it from developing into a heart problem is by avoiding the related infections in the first place.

 

 

 

 

 

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