As the season changes, the health challenges change too along with the routines, clothes, and food. No matter what area one lives in or what the weather is like, no one really like insects and pests, especially those which bring harmful viruses with them. For example, mosquitoes that carry many microbes and cause conditions like dengue. Therefore, there are some symptoms of dengue fever you should not ignore and know about.
The breakbone fever or what is commonly referred to as the dengue fever is an infection spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. These mosquitoes carry four different that may cause dengue.
According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, around 400 million cases of dengue fever are reported every year. The risk of having this condition is higher for those living in tropical and sub-tropical regions.
The symptoms of the infection may vary from person to person. If diagnosed at the right time, the fever can be controlled and treated.
However, the infection may develop and cause severe symptoms on late stages such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). If both of these symptoms occur, hospitalization is mandatory.
To avoid this from happening generally, it is important to know the early signs of dengue in order to get effective treatment for it on time.
Causes Of Dengue
The main medium used by dengue viruses is a specific species of mosquito called Aedes aegypti or in rare cases by the Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The fever can be caused by four viruses. After getting infected once by one of the viruses, a person becomes immune to it for the rest of the life.
However, a person may have dengue again caused by a different virus. It is also possible to be infected by all four viruses in a lifetime. A second infection may cause more severe symptoms in comparison with the first one.
In accordance with the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, the infection was transmitted to human via the monkeys. It did not become a big problem until the twentieth century.
Currently, there are no vaccines available for the infection. It is not as common in developed countries and if it is diagnosed in a person, there are enough facilities to control it on time.
Contrary to that, the risk is much higher in developing countries with less medicinal advancement and lack of hygiene. If you live in a crowded area with stagnant water bodies or a lot of plants, the risk of getting mosquito-borne infections is also higher.
Symptoms of Dengue
- Higher fever that does not go away
- Pain behind the eyes
- Red rashes on the body
- Pain in the muscles and the joints
In later stages, a person may experience:
- Bleeding in the gums
- Sensitive stomach
- Decreased number of platelets
- Clammy skin
- Slow pulse
- Internal bleeding
- Blood spots under the skin
- Damaged blood vessels
Risks and Precautions
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for dengue fever. You can only prevent it by staying away from mosquitoes. Try wearing full sleeves and pants whenever you head out. Use mosquito repellents, traps and nets.
Keep your windows closed and get rid of any stagnant water nearby your home as that is breeding ground for mosquitoes. Also, avoid wearing heavy scents and stay out after dark.