As per the recent review, people who have experienced concussions or any brain injury due to the traumatic event are at more risk of committing suicide.
The researchers also state the same, that is either men or women, concussions will make them think of attempting suicide. However, the investigators’ states otherwise, there are very few cases reported where the person commits suicide after concussion.
Dr. Michael Fralick, the study lead author was quite surprised after noting that up to 17 reviews have reviewed this issue by saying: “that concussion was a clear risk factor for suicide, suicide attempt, and suicidal thoughts.” After this when he was asked that what is the next step researchers should take, he replied: “ More research is needed.” Fralick is currently working as an internist at the University of Toronto.
“I think it is also important for people to be aware of effective strategies to prevent concussion,” he added. “For example, the common sense advice about avoiding contact sports, especially at a young age, is correct. But as a proud Canadian who grew up playing hockey and rugby, I appreciate not everyone will take this advice. For people engaged in these sports, wearing a helmet and using a mouth guard is really important to decrease your risk of concussion.”
A concussion is one of the most common types of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and attacks around 4 million people every year in the United States. Most of the patients recover with their neurological symptoms within a week that is approximately 4 out of 5 patients.
Though most of the people make a quick recovery of the symptoms but still there are many who experience chronic mental health issues after this like anxiety and depression.
“For anyone who has a concussion, it is incredibly important that they rest after the event and avoid alcohol,” he said. “We know that immediately after someone has a concussion, their brain is very vulnerable to another concussion,” Fralick said.
The studies which were reviewed for this issue were carried out between 1963 and 2017 between which more than 700,000 people were studied who experienced a concussion or any mild traumatic injury. For a comparison, 6.2 million more people were studied who had never experienced any traumatic injury or concussion.
According to four of these many studies, concussion had a very little impact on the thought of suicide among the participants. As per the analysts, after four to twelve years of traumatic brain injury, the risk of suicide increased to 0.28 percent and 0.59 percent. The risk of suicide was found to be doubled even after a single TBI or concussion.
Multiple concussions, a common health issue found among the football players may further add fire to the fuel, according to Franklin very few numbers of studies support this statement.
The researchers also offered some of the information regarding the TBI and concussion becoming the cause of suicide. These traumatic events can lead the patient’s brain to act abnormally, particularly the cerebrum which controls the emotions and thoughts of the person. Another possibility for concussions becoming the cause for suicide is the progressive neurodegenerative disease.
“A concussion sometimes can cause lasting damage that leads a person’s life to slowly unravel,” he said. TBI can bring extreme emotional instability and suffering in a person’s life even if the person doesn’t go for committing suicide.