The starting of the twenty-first century marked the beginning of the most significant developments in medical science. The scientists not only developed effective drugs and treatments but controlled many health conditions. Some of these were highly contagious and seemed like they would never stop. For example, symptoms of tuberculosis were a sign that the affected person’s life is going to end.
Fortunately, the number of tuberculosis patients has gone down. Excess to better drugs has helped a lot of people around the globe.
However, this does not mean that the disease has completely vanished and is not diagnosed anymore. Like other previous conditions that were responsible for the highest number of deaths, TB is still present in developing areas of the world.
In fact, it may even be diagnosed in someone living in the urban side of the city. Some factors such as air pollution, lack of hygiene may increase the chances of having tuberculosis. Even though TB is now treatable, it is important to get it diagnosed on time.
This is because it is among the most highly contagious infections. The person with TB is usually separated from all other people residing at the place until the infection is completely gone.
In addition, the treatment of the disease may still take a lot of time. If left untreated, tuberculosis can become dangerous. To avoid the infection from worsening and be proven fatal, proper treatment at the right time is mandatory.
Causes of Tuberculosis
Even though tuberculosis infection can be treated and cured completely, it remains one of the top cause of death worldwide. An estimated 1.7 million deaths are caused by TB alone according to the statistics given by the World Health Organization in 2016.
Secondly, it anyone in the most developed countries may also catch the infection. The Center For Disease Control and Prevention states that 9,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with TB every year.
The infection is caused by bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It spreads from one to another via the air when the infected coughs or sneezes. You may even catch the bacteria through droplets when the infected person speaks or sings standing close by.
Transmitted bacteria can then cause infection in another person. However, some people with strong immune systems may not show any symptoms of having the bacteria. This is called latent tuberculosis.
In this case, the condition develops considerably slow. According to the statistics, around one-quarter of the population of the world has latent tuberculosis.
Symptoms Of Tuberculosis
Following are symptoms of tuberculosis:
- Chronic coughing
- Pain during normal breathing
- Coughing up blood or phlegm
- Pain during coughing
- Constant fever
- Chronic fatigue
- Sudden weight loss
- Loss of appetite
Risks and Precautions
TB is seen more in developing countries and areas with lack of hygiene and pollution. It is better to stay away from an infected person and wear a mask whenever going out. A person’s chance of developing TB is increased if he has other health conditions like HIV and kidney diseases.
Getting proper treatment, in this case, is mandatory. You can also lower your risk of TB by following a healthy lifestyle and having a strong immune system while getting proper treatment from your doctor for any problem you may have.