Research Unveils a New Disease Similar to Polio Called AFM

Research Unveils a New Disease Similar to Polio Called AFM

Nowadays many children are facing a paralyzing condition. It is a polio-like illness but it is also known as acute myelitis (AFM).

This paralyzing health condition is caused by a virus. The health officials are not able to connect a single virus to AFM. Acute myelitis with extreme muscle fatigue can also cause complete paralysis.

It is reported that, health officials from 26 states are working on 85 recent cases on AFM. It is a sudden health problem which can attack anyone at any time. Following are the symptoms of Acute myelitis:

• Trouble swallowing
• Dizziness
• Difficulty in walking and moving your body

Despite the great medical advancement, still there is no treatment for this health issue. However, if anyone of you observes the above mentioned symptoms, immediately contact your doctor. As it can lead one to shortness of breath and in that case the person will be needing a ventilator.

In September 38 cases from 16 states of AFM were reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC did not mention the name of the states. In contrary to this, Colorado reported 14 cases in 2018 while Minnesota agreed on 6 only.

Brittany Fowler a debater in Maryland health department reported that, “There are currently two possible cases reported in 2018 that are under investigation”. While on the other hand Lynn Sutfin from the Michigan Department of Public Health said that “we just had a suspected case reported in an adult male”.

The CDC, however, did not plan to update the audience with the reported number of cases this week. Confirming a case of AFM takes a lot of time as the viruses can cause several neurological symptoms and AFM is a rare health condition that can be caused by a viral infection.

To confirm AFM, the doctor needs to observe ones spinal cord. For confirming the cases of AFM CDC have a list of tests.

AFM is almost similar to polio. According to CDC “The patients’ symptoms have been most similar to complications of infection with certain viruses, including poliovirus, non-polio enteroviruses, adenoviruses, and West Nile virus.” EV-A71 and EV-D68 are also the two viruses which are closely linked with polio.

According to Newyork’s reports EV-D68 has attacked 39 people out of which 2 are suspected to be the cases of AFM.

The health department said, “ EV-D68 infection most commonly results in mild symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, cough, body aches, and muscle aches.” Click here to read more about Acute myelitis and EV-D68.

In another statement they told the audience about AFM, “severe symptoms, while less common, may include wheezing and difficulty breathing. In some rare instances, the virus can cause acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), a serious condition that causes weakness in the arms or legs. However, there are other causes of AFM besides EV-D68 and severe respiratory illness is a greater concern with this virus.”

There are no vaccines for EV-D68 and EV-A71. The polio virus has been successfully eradicated through vaccinations but still, Pakistan and Afghanistan are the only two countries which are still prone to this virus as there is no proper vaccination.

Confirmed cases of AFM showed that not every patient had the EV-D68 virus, which cause severe respiratory illness.

In August the Nevada state health department said, ”surveillance has shown us that AFM cases generally peak in the months of September and October.” Most of the cases were reported in 2014 and 2016 as compared to 2015 and 2017 if this pattern continues to grow then more cases are expected to be seen in 2018.

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