What is a Chemical Pregnancy?

What is a Chemical Pregnancy?

In a chemical pregnancy, a woman loses her pregnancy as soon as her implantation is done. Chemical pregnancies are approximately 50 to 70% responsible for all miscarriages.

The chemical pregnancies usually take place before one gets their ultrasound and detect their fetus. However, it doesn’t occur so early that a pregnancy test is unable to detect the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the body. Human chorionic gonadotropin is a pregnancy hormone which is released by the embryo after implantation. Only the doctor can confirm your chemical pregnancy by a blood test.

Having a miscarriage just after a few weeks of your pregnancy news can be soul crushing. However, some of the people do not acknowledge their loss and link this pregnancy as fake. According to their point of view, no connections can be formed with a fake baby. Read on to know more about chemical pregnancy.

What are the Symptoms of a Chemical Pregnancy?

Chemical pregnancies do not have any kind of symptoms. Sometimes due to this early miscarriage, many of the women do not even realize the fact that they were pregnant. In some of the cases, the chemical pregnancies show symptoms, like vaginal bleeding and stomach cramping similar to as of menstruation, where the pregnancy test shows a positive result.

Keep this thing in mind that bleeding during pregnancy does not always mean a chemical pregnancy. A woman also experiences bleeding during the process of implantation when the embryo attaches itself to the uterus.

Implantation can cause some damage to the small blood vessels present on the uterine lining, which results in bleeding. The discharge caused by this is usually pink or brown in color. It is normal for a woman to have it after 10 to 14 days of conception.

A chemical pregnancy does not stay for a longer period of time that it can cause pregnancy-related symptoms, for example having nausea or being lethargic.

RELATED: Bleeding in Pregnancy – What Does it Indicate?

The miscarriage caused by chemical pregnancy is different from the other type of miscarriages. The time for losing a baby through a miscarriage is not defined, though most of the cases of miscarriages are reported before the 20th week of pregnancy. However, a chemical pregnancy occurs quickly after the implantation.

Most of the women usually experience only stomach cramping and vaginal bleeding as the symptoms of a chemical pregnancy, so they think it’s just because of their monthly cycle and do not realize the fact that they have lost their pregnancy.

In Vitro Fertilization

There are also chances of having a chemical pregnancy after the in vitro fertilization. In in vitro fertilization, the egg is removed from an ovary and is made in contact with the sperm. After the process of fertilization, the embryo is taken back to the uterus. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is considered as one of the best options if a woman is not able to conceive due to:

• Ovulation problems
• Uterine fibroids
• Damaged fallopian tubes
• Other pregnancy fertility problems

A blood test is taken after passing of 9 to 14 days of In vitro fertilization in order to confirm pregnancy. The days depend on the clinic you use. If there has been implantation the blood test will show a positive result. However, the abnormalities associated with the embryo will lead one to a chemical pregnancy soon.

A sudden miscarriage after an in vitro fertilization may prove to be devasting for you, but after this, there are high chances you will get pregnant and be blessed with a baby. Moreover, the possibilities of getting you pregnant by in vitro fertilization will also increase.

What are the Causes of a Chemical Pregnancy?

Cause of the chemical pregnancy is not defined. However, most of the cases reported of a chemical pregnancy are due to the problems associated with the embryo. The problem in an embryo is usually because of the low-quality sperm or the egg. The other factors which can cause a chemical pregnancy includes:

• Uterine abnormalities
• Infections, for example like chlamydia and syphilis
• Abnormal hormonal levels
• Implantation process outside the uterus

A woman who ages above 35 and has certain medical health issues have a higher risk of getting a chemical pregnancy. The medical issues usually include blood clotting and thyroid disorders. The worst side of the chemical pregnancy is; there is no way one can prevent it.

What is the Treatment for a Chemical Pregnancy?

Chemical pregnancy surely does not mean that one can not conceive and deliver a healthy baby. Though there is no treatment for this early stage miscarriage, still there are other options by which you can conceive.

If a woman has experienced more than one chemical pregnancy in a row, the doctor will conduct a few tests in order to check the underlying cause. If the doctor is able to identify and treat the cause, it will reduce the chances of getting another chemical pregnancy.

For example, a woman had a chemical pregnancy due to an undiagnosed infection. Now she can take the prescribed antibiotics to treat it and can increase the chances of conceiving and delivering a healthy baby in the future. If the underlying cause was a problem linked with the uterus, one needs to have surgery in order to get a healthy pregnancy.

RELATED: 7 Most Common Pregnancy Complications Women Face in their Life

Higher levels of pregnancy hormone do not always mean a chemical pregnancy, this condition can also be because of an ectopic pregnancy. There is a high level of hCG in the body when the egg implants itself outside the uterus during the process of implantation.


A chemical pregnancy surely does not mean that a woman can not conceive. Early diagnosis of the body helps a woman to identify the underlying cause of her chemical pregnancy. Identifying the cause in an early stage will help her to receive proper treatment.

Consult the doctor and discuss all the possible options. The doctor can also provide you with information through the support groups and counseling services as some of the women need emotional support after their miscarriage.

Hilary Jensen

Hilary is a Food Science and Nutrition graduate with specialization in diet planning and weight loss. She enjoys reading and writing on Food, Nutrition, Diet, Weight Loss, and General Health.

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