Miscarriage is defined as the sudden loss of a pregnancy before its 20th week. About 10 to 20% of the women experience miscarriage, however, in reality, the actual percentage must be higher because some of the women lose their pregnancy very early before their realization of being pregnant. How long your miscarriage takes to come to an end can vary from person to person and depends on several factors. Scroll down to know more about miscarriage.
What are the Risks of Having a Miscarriage?
The chances of getting a miscarriage increase with age. Those women who age below 35 have 15% chances of getting a miscarriage. While women who age between 35 and 45 have higher chances of getting a miscarriage that is by 20 to 35%. Being pregnant after the age of 45 further increases your chances of getting a miscarriage by 80%.
Any woman can have a miscarriage. But the number of chances of getting a miscarriage increases if you are having a history of miscarriages, experiencing a chronic condition like diabetes or going through uterine or cervical problems. Other factors which can further increase the chances are:
• Alcohol abuse
How Long it Takes for a Miscarriage to Last?
In some cases a woman may have a miscarriage before her realization of being pregnant, she may think the cramping and bleeding are due to her monthly periods. So in simple words, some women experience miscarriage and do not realize it. The time period of a miscarriage varies from person to person and depends on other factors too like:
• How far a woman reached in her pregnancy
• was she carrying twins or multiples
• how long will she take to expel the placenta and her fetal tissue
A woman getting a miscarriage in the early stage of her pregnancy may experience cramping and bleeding for a few hours while on the other hand another woman can have bleeding up to one week. Initially, the bleeding can be heavy with clots, but as the time passes it slows down and stops within two weeks.
What are the Symptoms of a Miscarriage?
Miscarriage is also known as a spontaneous abortion. In this pregnancy complication, a woman loses her fetus. Most of the cases of miscarriages are reported before the 12th week of pregnancy. The symptoms of a miscarriage are:
• vaginal spotting or the bleeding
• fluid or vaginal discharge
• pain in the pelvic region or abdomen
• cramps or pain in the lower back
What are the Causes of a Miscarriage?
One can have a miscarriage because of many reasons. Some of the miscarriages occur due to abnormalities associated with the fetus like:
• molar pregnancy
• blighted ovum
In a molar pregnancy, a noncancerous outgrowth in the uterus develops into cancer. Chromosomal abnormalities are responsible for half of the miscarriages, this abnormality can either be in the egg or the sperm. Another possible cause for the miscarriages is the trauma to the stomach caused by the invasive procedures, for example by chorionic villus sampling.
It is very rare that a fall or an accident may cause a miscarriage in the early stage of the pregnancy as the size of the uterus is small and is well guarded within the bony pelvis. Maternal diseases are also one of the cause which can put your pregnancy at risk.
Some of the miscarriages do not have any reliable cause and are unexplained. Performing daily activities do not cause any miscarriage. These activities can include sex and exercise, however, it is preferable if one consult their doctor about this matter.
What can One do After a Miscarriage?
Go to a doctor immediately if one is feeling like having a miscarriage. Immediate evaluation should be done if you are having vaginal bleeding or pelvic pain. A doctor may perform many different tests in order to determine your miscarriage.
During the pelvic examination, your cervix will be checked. An ultrasound may also be needed to check the fetus heartbeat. With these things, a blood test will also be done to search the pregnancy hormone in your body. Give a sample of the pregnancy tissue to your doctor if in case you have expelled it in order to confirm your miscarriage.
What are the Types of Miscarriage?
There are five major types of miscarriages, namely:
1. Threatened Miscarriage
In this type of miscarriage, a woman experiences bleeding but do not gets a dilated cervix. Though there are chances of miscarriage, there are still possibilities of continuing your pregnancy by seeking medical help.
2. Inevitable Miscarriage
In an inevitable miscarriage, the cervix is dilated with the uterus being contracted. During this type of miscarriage one is already passing their pregnancy tissues through the vagina. This type of miscarriage is already in its progress.
3. Incomplete Miscarriage
In this type of miscarriage, a woman expels some of the fetal tissues while the remaining ones stay in the uterus.
4. Missed Miscarriage
Following this type of miscarriage, a woman’s embryo dies but remains in the uterus. With the embryonic tissue placental tissue also remains in the uterus. In this miscarriage, a woman may not experience any type of symptom. Its diagnosis is done in an ultrasound exam.
5. Complete Miscarriage
In a complete miscarriage, the body expels out all the pregnancy tissue.
If one ignores their miscarriage there are possible chances of her to develop a septic miscarriage. Septic miscarriage is a severe uterine infection. The symptoms of this infection include:
• Abdominal tenderness
• Discharge from the vagina of a foul smell
What are the Possible Ways to Treat a Miscarriage?
Every treatment is designed differently according to the type of miscarriage a woman gets. In case of a threatened miscarriage, the doctor may recommend you to take a lot of rest and to reduce your daily workload until your bleeding and pain stops. If the risk still continues the doctor may also recommend complete bed rest till the delivery of the baby.
In some of the cases, the miscarriage continues on its own and takes several weeks to complete. Your healthcare provider may recommend you some precautions for bleeding and what you need to expect next. Another possible option is, your doctor may recommend you some medications so that you can easily and quickly expel the pregnancy and placental tissue from your body. One can take these medications both vaginally and orally.
The treatments usually produce an effective result in 24 hours. If still, your body is unable to expel all the tissues, your doctor may then perform dilation and curettage (D and C). In this procedure, the cervix is dilated so that your body can expel the remaining tissues. One after the consultation of their doctor can also choose this procedure as their first choice to treat a miscarriage rather than going for medications and removing it naturally.