Most of the women are able to deliver healthy babies, while some of them end up in having a miscarriage. Approximately about 10 to 20% of the pregnancies result in a miscarriage. Miscarriage is defined as the sudden loss of the fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. Most of the cases of miscarriage are reported in the first three months of pregnancy.
Miscarriages also described as spontaneous abortions occur when the baby starts developing abnormally in the womb. However, the exact causes of miscarriages are still not yet defined. Many people believe that the only possible cause of miscarriage is baby genes or chromosomes. In addition to this, there are certain health conditions which may also lead to miscarriage, including:
- Hormone-related problems, like thyroid and adrenal gland conditions
- Uncontrolled diabetes or the person may not have yet diagnosed it
- Lupus as well as other autoimmune disorders
- Viral and bacterial infections
- Sexually transmitted infections
For many people, the experience of losing their baby might prove to be very devasting. Though the pregnancy lasts for only a few weeks, still a mother develops a strong connection with the baby they have lost. Miscarriages often result in a rush of emotions in a mother including the feelings of guilt, anger, and sadness.
Symptoms of Depression After Miscarriage
It is very common for a woman to feel sad and grief after her miscarriage. However, in some of the cases, women feelings intensify and leads them to depression. Depression is also described as a major depressive disorder. It is a mental health issue which causes extreme persistent feelings of grief and sorrow for an unknown time period. People usually going through the depression phase loses interest in the activities they once used to enjoy and faces difficulties in doing their daily tasks.
One going through depression may follow at least five of the given symptoms for two weeks.
- Decreased or increased appetite
- Feelings of sorrow, emptiness, and hopelessness
- Trying to do suicidal attempts
- Having too little or excess sleep
- Thoughts of death and suicide
- Getting irritated and frustrated at small things
- Feeling anxious, distressed and worthless
- Experiencing frequent pains and aches that won’t leave you even after the treatment
- Feeling guilty and restless
- Losing interest in the activities once you used to enjoy
- Difficulty in remembering things
- Many times unable to focus on things and make decisions
- Feelings of lacking energy
- Being lethargic
Depression after a miscarriage is most extreme when there is an immediate loss of the pregnancy. According to a recent study, women’s rate of depression decrease with time and usually takes a time period of one year. After one year, a woman who has experienced miscarriage will face the same rate of depression as of a woman who did not experience a miscarriage.
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Depression faced after the miscarriage targets not only the women but also the men. According to the researchers, many of the men go through the phase of depression after their partner has a miscarriage. Though it was also studied that men recover from this trauma quickly than women after a miscarriage.
How long does a person go through this phase?
According to many of the studies a mother experiences the postpartum depression after a miscarriage for 6 to 12 months or even longer. According to a study in the Journal of Psychiatry written by Emma Robertson Blackmore, the depression phase can extend up to 3 years even after they have been gifted a healthy baby. However, with a good treatment plan and support, one can recover quickly and easily.
How to Cope Up With Depression After a Miscarriage?
Getting emotionally better takes a lot of time after a miscarriage. In these cases, treatment for both parents is essential. It is recommended by the mental health specialists, that a close monitoring should be done in the first few weeks of the miscarriage. It is preferable if one continues it for one year. Most of the women do not feel the need to take any kind of treatment and pass their time in silence. However, it is an utmost duty of the partner to consult a doctor and plan out an effective treatment plan. Some of the ways to treat depression include:
- Psychotherapy helps one to work through their emotions and cope up with the feelings of grief and sorrows in an effective and a healthy way.
- Antidepressant medications are taken to balance the chemicals present in the brain and to reduce down the depressive symptoms.
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is done. In this therapy, mild currents are applied to the brain in order to treat the several the cases of depression. This way is selected when the person is not able to respond to other ways of treatment.
If you are going through a depression phase, make sure that you stick with your treatment plan in order to achieve a faster recovery. Having a balanced and a healthy diet, getting an adequate amount of sleep, and doing workout can help to boost your energy level and kick of the symptoms.
It is very important that partners should help each other to cope up with depression. Both men and women may experience grief and feel sad but will express it in different ways so one should keep in mind to respect their partner’s emotions. The couples should also communicate clearly and share their emotions on regular basis.
In most of the cases, it is seen that women are able to recover within a year after their miscarriage. An effective treatment plan with the support of family and friends will help one in alleviating the symptoms. Many women who experience miscarriage give birth to healthier babies later in their life.
According to Mayo Clinic, approximately only less than 5% of the women experience two miscarriages consecutively while only 1% of the women get three or more miscarriages in a row. In this modern tech world, there are many resources available by which one could seek help and recover from depression after a miscarriage, for example by the site, nationalshare.org.