What Are the Causes Of Vertigo?

What Are the Causes Of Vertigo?

The busy everyday life and the stress in it can give almost any person a spin in the head. It is actually rather common to get dizzy and feel like the world around is going in a faster motion during a busy day full of work at the office or school.

Most of the times, it is due to constant indulgence in work and skipping lunch or breakfast at the same time. Secondly, it can be worsened especially if your work involves a lot of exposure to technology such as a computer screen.

Shutting down the computer immediately and taking a break, having food, and a little walk can instantly improve your dizziness or even headaches.

However, there are a number of times when you can literally feel the world around you is spinning and there are unusual sounds in the background. This is usually accompanied by an inability of balancing the body and lack of concentration.

Perpetually changing eyesight, dizziness, nausea, and hearing a particular sound can be more than the normal instant effects of taking the stress. If you experience such signs frequently, you can be suffering from something more serious known as vertigo.

Contrary to popular belief, vertigo is not a disease or a disorder itself. Rather, it can be a range of symptoms caused by other medical conditions. In accordance with the statistics, there are at least 60% chances that people over the age of 35 will experience vertigo symptoms once in their lives.

Vertigo can be extremely disturbing and unpleasant to have as it can make you unable to even walk, concentrate on work, and at times even disturb other functions of your body. For example, there have been reported cases of people who are unable to swallow properly due to vertigo.

Getting rid of vertigo can appear quite challenging to most of the people. The conventional treatment requires repairing the inner ear after the cause is diagnosed. Most of the times, the affected people will have to follow specific guidelines to keep it from coming back again.

According to the researchers, about 30% of the people will develop vertigo again due to the negligence of their medical health conditions. Making changes in lifestyle is one of the most significant steps of the treatment that are needed to keep vertigo away.


What Is Vertigo? 

In addition to vertigo, there are a number of other disorders that have been observed to disturb the body’s ability to balance the center of mass and base of support. There is not a single part that helps the body remain balanced.

All the different parts and processes in the body are responsible for keeping the body upright and moving in the desired way and direction. When there is a balance dysfunction, the person is typically not even able to walk without support.

The balance of the body in everyday life is maintained by the workings of various processes happening in the body including the sensorimotor control system. This particular system is what gives senses, hearing, and eyesight.

Other systems that work with the sensorimotor are the proprioception system which controls the ability to touch and feel as well as the vestibular system which helps in moving in a particular direction without falling down.

Vertigo is specifically connected to the vestibular system. The inner eyes, where vertigo develops, are one of the important parts that form the vestibular system and aid in keeping track of bodily movements and position.

When these parts of the inner ears are damaged, the fundamental signals required to know about the current position of the body are not sent to the brain and ability to know where to move is completely lost.

This can happen due to a variety of reasons. Injuries, ear infections, aging, inflammation, trauma, and sudden blow to the head are by far the most common reasons that can damage the inner parts of the ears.

What Are The Symptoms of Vertigo?

Vertigo signs can vary from person to person and might change in accordance with the current health conditions of the person. For instance, someone with the poor condition of the immune system will experience vertigo differently from someone who got vertigo due to a head injury.

The common signs of vertigo that you can experience are:

  • Increased perspiration
  • Nausea (or occasional vomiting)
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling the world is spinning or an earthquake feeling
  • Loss of hearing
  • Hear ringing sounds
  • The feeling of passing out or even fainting
  • Nystagmus or abnormal eye movements (such as moving towards the affected year or jerking)
  • Blurry vision
  • Visions and hallucinations (in extreme cases)
  • Fatigue


Normally, people with vertigo signs can also experience different timings. Some might see have symptoms for a few minutes throughout the day while others can have them perpetually for days. It can only happen once or twice for a short time.

The duration of vertigo symptoms depends on the intensity of the damage in the inner ear. In extreme cases, you can lose the total balance of the body as well as start seeing things that are not real or having hallucinations.

The accumulation of fluid in the ear and the damage usually dictate the intensity of the symptoms and their duration along with the general health, age, medical history, and cause of vertigo.

Sometimes, the body is also able to adapt and heal itself, ending up in getting rid of vertigo without any conventional treatment. However, even in this case, you need to see the doctor and vertigo tend to return and keeps on reappearing.

Often, it is not only worse than before but comes without any warning. To tackle and prevent all the related effects of vertigo, it is recommended you see a doctor for appropriate guidelines given by a doctor.

What Are The Causes Of Vertigo?

Vertigo is not a disorder itself but is usually a sign of some serious underlying health issue in the severe forms. Milder forms of vertigo are fairly common in comparison and can occur due to common reasons such as high levels of stress or trauma.

In addition, blood pressure fluctuations, unstable sugar levels, and lack of needed amount of sleep combined with fluid retention in the body can lead to a milder form of vertigo. The sudden feeling of lightheadedness upon getting up from bed and dizziness are both linked to vertigo.

The signs of vertigo usually affect the blood pressure, sensory organs, balance of the body, inflammation and sometimes blood-sugar levels in the body. The severe forms occur more frequently in people who cross the age of 50 and women compared to men.

Previously, it was believed that vertigo is caused by similar injuries in the inner year and people see similar symptoms. Today, it has been classified into several categories as other causes have been identified. There are three main types of vertigo.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most observed type and a leading cause of vertigo in which the main sign is having the feeling of the world spinning because of dislodging of otoconia or calcium crystals within the ear.

Meniere’s disease is another cause of vertigo which severely damages the inner ear due to the accumulation of fluid and changing levels of pressure. The prominent symptoms of this type are tinnitus or hearing ringing sounds and loss of hearing ability.

Vestibular neuritis, also known as labyrinthitis happens when due to infections and viral attacks in the inner ear which leads to damage of nerves that control body movements resulting in loss of balance of the body.

In addition to the three main causes of vertigo, it can also occur due to a couple of other reasons including:

  • Headaches/migraines
  • Neck Injuries
  • Head Injuries
  • Inner ear damage caused by certain medicines
  • Stroke
  • Brain Tumor
  • Brain Cancer





Hilary Jensen

Hilary is a Food Science and Nutrition graduate with specialization in diet planning and weight loss. She enjoys reading and writing on Food, Nutrition, Diet, Weight Loss, and General Health.

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