As a parent no one wants their child to be surrounded by any health problem. Diagnosing autism in its early stage will make a big difference. Autism is described as a neurobehavioral condition. Due to its large range of symptoms, it is now known as autism spectrum disorder.
It is difficult to diagnose autism after the child turns 4 or older. Many parents might notice the early signs of autism before the child turns one. With time the parents will also realize the fact that there is something odd going on with their child. The timely treatment for autism helps the child to recover by reducing the effects of autism.
What is Autism?
Autism in simple words is described as the closely related disorders which share common symptoms. The autism spectrum disorder occurs at an early stage of life that is the childhood. It causes delayed development in areas like communication, interaction with others and playing.
Signs and symptoms of autism vary from person to person. Some children might face little impairments while some will face more obstacles. However, each and every child having autism will face these three issues.
• Difficulty in interacting with others and the world around them.
• Difficulty in communicating whether verbally or non verbally.
• No flexibility in thinking and behavior.
Treatment and causes of autism have been now a controversial topic among parents, experts, and doctors. However, all of them agree on this single point that early diagnosis of autism will help to increase the chances of your child to get better.
Signs and Symptoms of Autism
1. Babies Under 12 Months
At this age, parents should keep an eye on their child to observe whether the child is following the developmental milestones or not. Here are few symptoms of autism for the babies under 12 months.
There is an impairment between the nerve endings and the response. These type of children do not give any type of reaction to loud noises and are not able to babble. They do not give any response to their name call, however, in some situations hearing ability is absolutely fine. Their gesturing ability is also not developed.
2. Babies Under 12 to 24 Months
There are many signs which toddlers generally show up between 12 to 24 months. Under this age group, the baby still does not develop the ability to gesture- for example by shaking their head in response. Neither they wave or point to the things they want. This is odd as children between 14 to 16 months point to the things they are interested in.
Babies aging from 16 to 24 months are not able to use the single word or double word phrases. The child may lose the ability of verbal or social communication. These type of children are usually found to be lost in their own world. Children with autism walk on their toes while some children are not able to walk at all.
3. Children of 2 Years Or Older
Children lying in this age group have a language delay. They may face many struggles in expressing their needs. Some children don’t talk at all while some of them develop language skills but finds difficult to participate in a conversation.
Parents might notice an irregular speaking pattern in their child. They may speak haltingly, in a flat tone or in a high pitched voice. Autism develops poor learning skills in children. Instead of using sentences they use single words or keep on repeating the phrases. For example, whenever a question is asked to them, the child will repeat the question again instead of answering it.
They are not able to process the new information quickly and the child may take time to understand what the other person is trying to say. Their scream, cry and laugh are defined as inappropriate. They are not able to concentrate on multiple things, yet, narrowly focuses on a single object like a wheel of the car. A child facing autism may also not be able to follow the given instructions and directions correctly.
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Pretend plays are disliked by them. They also do not like playing with other children and prefer playing alone. Children having autism are very particular about their food. They show themselves as an arrogant child and prefers to follow their daily routine (has difficulty with transitions).
They play with their toys or other things in unusual ways like spending a lot of time in lining up the blocks or enjoying by closing and opening the door repetitively. Sometimes the child may become outrageous and hurt himself by biting or hitting. These children like to do repetitive actions like flapping their arms.
Most of them are very sensitive to certain situations. They do not like being touched and gets very irritated by loud noises. Most of the foods are rejected by them as they become overly sensitive to smells. Some of them also get very specific about the clothing material they would be wearing.
Due to autism, the child may react differently in pain, like he may cover his ears to block the loud noise or he may ignore the pain that is because of an injury to the knee. Some children fear the harmless things while some seem to be unaffected by the things they should be afraid of.
Autism makes difficult for the children to sleep at night. They rise up early and wake up frequently in the night. These type of children exhibit the behavior problems. They can be super active, impulsive, resistant as well as uncooperative.
Development Red Flags
The following delays require an immediate diagnosis by your doctor:
• 6 Months: if you find your baby expressionless.
• 9 Months: If there is no or poor response to different sounds and lacks smiling or different expressions.
• 12 Months: If your child is not giving any response to their name and are not able t unable to babble. If the baby is not showing any kind of gesture like pointing and waving.
• 16 Months: If the child is unable to speak
• 24 Months: If your baby finds difficult to speak two-word phrases and keeps on repeating it.