Having itchy fingers is a very common thing that can be highly uncomfortable sometimes. It may be the only symptom of some underlying health condition or show up as small bumps as per causative agent. Only a doctor can correctly diagnose the reason behind itchy fingers.
An individual may sometimes feel the extreme itchiness on the surface of hands particularly fingers. It feels like something inside the skin. Most of the cases of itchy fingers have nothing serious to worry about. Only in rare conditions, it may show an underlying medical problem that needs your attention.
This article will look into the causes, symptoms, and treatment of itchy fingers, supplemented by the tips on how to get rid of itchy fingers easily.
Causes and symptoms of itchy fingers
There is no particular reason for itchy fingers. There could be so many different reasons for the fingers to itch. Following is a list of medical conditions that show up as itchy fingers in otherwise healthy individuals.
Contact dermatitis or the eczema of contact is a skin disease when a person accidentally touches something that irritates his skin. This particular type of itching comes along with other symptoms such as
- Severe itching on fingers and hands
- Patches of dry skin
- Small Bumps
It appears on hands and fingers more because these two are used to contact different surfaces. It is not determined that what causes this allergy on hands, which turns into contact dermatitis.
People that often suffer from contact dermatitis are asked to keep a diary of the common allergens that they come into along with the specific symptoms if any. Some of the common triggers for contact dermatitis are:
- Fragrances and perfumes
- Metals in jewelry
- Metals in belts
- Watches with metallic straps
- Cobalt in hair dye
- Hand Creams
- Disinfectants used at home
Treatment for contact dermatitis
The best way to prevent contact dermatitis is to identify and avoid the allergen.
When a person comes into contact with an allergen, they can relieve their painful, itching symptoms by using the following:
- antihistamine creams or oral over-the-counter medications
- corticosteroid creams
- phototherapy, involving exposing the skin to ultraviolet light
Dyshidrotic eczema is a skin condition that is also called foot-and-hand eczema or pompholyx. It appears as tiny, itchy, fluid-filled blisters on the hands, fingers and often toes and feet. It causes extreme itching on hands and toes. This condition is usually linked to stress and seasonal allergies.
Following symptoms show up in a patient with Dyshidrotic eczema.
- Small fluid-filled bumps on the skin
- Severe itchy fingers and toes
- Inflammation, redness, and pain in affected areas
- Flakey and scaly skin
If you know that you are allergic to anything, the risk of dyshidrotic eczema increases. Women are more likely to be affected by dyshidrotic eczema than men.
Treatment of dyshidrotic eczema
You can do the following to soothe the skin.
- Use a cold compress on the affected areas
- Moistures the skin and reduce the chance of drying out
- Use only mild soaps, hand wash, and body gels.
Psoriasis is a skin condition that shows up as redness of the skin. It causes the skin cells to quickly build and form the patches of scaly and dry skin. Psoriasis can attack ant part of the body particularly the joints of hands and feet.
The common signs of psoriasis are as follows.
- Redness of skin
- Inflammation of skin
- Silvery-white scaly patches on the skin
- Dry and cracked skin
- Pain in the affected area on the skin
Related: Psoriasis- What You Need To Know?
Treatment of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is stubborn and hard to treat. It is often a set of experimental treatments to find the most suitable treatment for you. Some of the things that may work for psoriasis are as follows.
- oral medications that your doctor will suggest
- corticosteroid creams and lotions
- Vitamin D creams and lotions
- salicylic acid creams and lotions
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy is a secondary infection of diabetes. It only shows up when blood pressure levels increase and cause nerve damage. It may affect the fingers of hands and toes both. The symptoms somewhat appear to be as follows.
- Extreme sensitivity on fingers for touch
- Loss of feeling on fingers
- Itchy fingers and toes
- Pain or weakness in the fingers
Treatment for peripheral neuropathy
There is no treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Although there are certain treatments that help to relieve the symptoms and to slow its progress as a disease. You may try the following for self-support plan.
- Try to make certain lifestyle changes, such as make exercise a regular part of your routine, quit smoking and alcohol etc.
- Try to maintain your blood pressure
- Try to maintain your blood sugar level
- Certain oral medicines i.e. anticonvulsants and sometimes antidepressant
- Skin creams that contain capsaicin
Scabies is a skin disease in which tiny mites come in the contact of your skin and lay eggs on it. It causes small bumps to appear on the skin. The symptoms show up in 4-8 weeks after getting into contact with scabies mite.
These mites are very tiny in size; they burrow in the skin fold areas such as between the fingers, toes, elbow, and genitals. It is highly contagious and spreads from people and infected surfaces. It is one of the most common skin diseases that causes itchy fingers and hands.
- Common symptoms of scabies are
- Small bumps or blisters on the skin
- Pus filling of the blisters
- Tiny burrow marks on the skin
- Thick and scaly skin
- Extreme itching after shower and bath
- Extreme itching at night
Scabies is so highly contagious that it can transmit by skin-to-skin contact, sharing clothing, towels or even bedding.
Treatment for scabies
A doctor will prescribe the typical treatment for scabies by killing the mites and their eggs that live on the skin. This scabies can go notoriously if left untreated.
What is the treatment for itchy fingers?
If it only happened once, washing fingers with clean water and mild soap may treat it the mild cases of itchy fingers are treatable at home too. If the underlying condition is not known, the best is to try all the options before going to the doctor. The correct diagnosis of you will help you find a correct treatment.
In some cases, medicine is not even necessary. Only if you make a few adjustments there could be a lot of improvement in the itchy finger symptoms. Follow these steps to prevent the occurrence of itchy fingers.
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Use a mild soap for washing.
- Pat your hands dry after washing.
- When itching, soak your fingers in cold water.
- Do not use products that don’t suit your skin type.
- Avoid chemical rich skincare products.
- Moisturize your skin more often.
- Wear gloves in winter.
When should you see a doctor?
When the itchiness doesn’t go away and home remedies, topical treatments don’t seem like work, you should visit a doctor. He may prescribe oral medicines such as anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antibiotics, corticosteroids, immune suppressants, or modulators to help get rid of the itchy fingers. The choice of these medicines depends upon the cause of them.
Itchy fingers are discomforting and can be frustrating at times. There are chances that no other symptoms show up with it. Sometimes keeping them moisturized is all that it takes.
If the itchy fingers happen often or they go worse, an individual should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Itchy fingers may be a sign of any medical condition that should not be ignored.