Bloody stools – Causes and Symptoms

Bloody stools – Causes and Symptoms

Blood in stool is definitely an alarming sign for anyone affected by this condition. Since it might have mild to severe consequences and often the causes of this infection are temporary and with few medications can be cured.

However, if it appears for a longer period of time then it may mean the problem is severe and the treatment might take longer depending on the diagnosis.

The infection is not bound by the age, gender or any other factors. Blood appearing in the stool is a simple reflection of bleeding in any part of your digestive tract.

Sometimes it can be in the stomach, in the blood vessels of the large intestine or the linings of Anus might bleed.

Whatever the reasons deduced after the diagnosis, it is incumbent upon the patient to remain more careful even after the infection has been cured to avoid its recurrence.

Knowing about some important information about the disease may help you to treat the condition if you are going through it currently or might treat yourself effectively if you are facing any of the mentioned signs and symptoms below or even help you the avoid the infection altogether if you are not affected yet.

Rectal Bleeding - Causes and Symptoms

What Are The Causes and Symptoms of Blood in Stool? 

The most apparent reason for blood in stool is the anal fissure. What is the Anal Fissure? An anal fissure is actually a small cut, or tear in the thin moist tissue lining of the anus, which may cause the blood pouches to appear in the bowel movement.

The main cause of anal fissure is when you pass long and hard stool in bowel movement accompanied by pain, which can last up to several hours and bleed. Also, such condition can cause itching, visible crack or small lump on the skin near the anus.

Another reason for the blood appearing in the stool is the colon cancer this can be a dangerous condition and need to be treated properly.

Colon cancer basically is cancer in the lower part of your digestive system at first it might appear as small polyps but over time these small polyps may convert into cancer cells.

The patients might feel the symptoms of the change in the bowel habits including diarrhea or constipation, or change in the consistency of the stool that last persists for more than four weeks.

Other symptoms include the rectal bleeding or blood in stool might be one such consequence of this cancer, accompanied by the abdominal discomfort such as cramps, pain or gas persistent for a longer period of time, also the patient may experience weakness, fatigue, weight loss and feeling of your bowel not completely empty.

Crohn’s diseases can also one implication of your blood appearing in the stool. It’s an inflammatory disease, which causes inflammation in your digestive tract.

It’s not necessary that bowel tissues are always affected rather it can affect any part of your digestive system. Blood in stool is one such implication of this disease when the tissue lining of the bowel is affected.

RELATED: Are You Having Signs of IBS? 

Other implications involve abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, and malnutrition. However, there is no specific treatment for this disease but with regular therapies, it can be curtailed.

Other than the colon diseases, gastric diseases can also be the reason for the blood in the stool. Gastric disease, which is common, used for the group of conditions with one thing in common i.e. inflammation in the lining of the stomach.

This can be caused either by the bacterium that causes stomach ulcers or excessive use of painkillers or drinking too much of alcohol.

The problem for most of the patients is not serious but must consult the doctor if the stool appears black or blood in the stool. The condition, however, may be cured within a week.

Intestinal ischemia can also be one of the reasons for blood appearing in the stool.

This condition causes the decrease in blood flow to the intestines due to the blockage in the artery. This can affect both the small and large intestine and can be short-lived (Acute) or long-term (chronic).

Blood in stool is one such implication of this disease along with other symptoms such as sudden abdominal pain that may range from mild to severe, an urgent need to have a bowel movement, frequent, forceful bowel movements abdominal tenderness or distention Ulcerative colitis is also one such reason for the blood in the stool.

This is an inflammatory disease that causes the innermost lining of the colon and rectum accompanied by the stomach ulcer.

The symptoms may not appear suddenly but may develop over time. Rectal bleeding is one symptom of this disease with abdominal pain and cramping rectal pain Urgency to defecate, Inability to defecate despite urgency.

Rectal Bleeding - Causes and Symptoms

How Is Anal Bleeding Diagnosed?

Rectal bleeding may not be the same as you find it to be. Only a certified medical practitioner can examine you and term your condition to be rectal bleeding. There are several general steps for it. A doctor may perform any of the following.

  • Examine the anus by visual means to see the outer conditions.
  • Check through an internal exam of your rectum, by using gloves and lubrication.
  • He may perform a colonoscopy for a detailed examination.
  • He may use an anoscope which is one latest instrument for internal checkups, it is a short tube which has a camera attached to it on its tip. It enables the doctor to see whats going inside your body.

How to treat bleeding? To treat anal bleeding, it is first needed to diagnose the root cause. If you find blood in your stool frequently, always get it diagnosed first for the accurate treatment. The consultation should be made by a specialist.

As the information above listed tells you that rectal bleeding can be a sign of many things, the need for a correct diagnosis is emphasized greatly. Your doctor may suggest you colonoscopy for a detailed examination.

If the blood found in the stool is due to any common cause i.e. hemorrhoids, the doctor may prescribe you infrared coagulation (IRC) to treat the hemorrhoids. There are alternative options for this treatment too.

It all depends on your severity of the problem. If the reason is an anal fissure, the treatment is much simpler. The treatment plan will be customized as per accurate examination. All other, severe health problems will require serious treatment options, nature-wise.

Concluding remarks  The condition of the blood in stool is all connected with the disorders of your digestive tract or in the intestines produced by the malfunction in the cells in the case of colon cancer or the immune system.

Imbalance diet, consumption of alcohol or stress is the primary reasons concluded for the most of the infection causing one major problem of irritable and uneasy bowel movement. Precautions are the best way for a cure to avoid mild and temporary upsets in the intestines.

An addition of more dietary fiber, proper rest and sleep, exercise and the addition of more liquid diets can keep the bowel movement and health of large intestine smooth and will keep you away from mild problems that might develop into severe debilitating disease over time if left untreated or not given a proper care.

However, in the cases of the diseases, irrespective of the above-mentioned causes may be cured if possible with the medical assistance over a longer period of time. But in the first instance, precaution and healthy lifestyle is the best option to keep diseases at bay.

With an academic background in Food Sciences, Klaire is interested to read about the latest news on nutrition, therapeutic benefits of foods and health. She is a practicing dietician with a focus on improving women’s health. Before joining the team, she has worked as a researcher and freelance writer.

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