Sometimes when you return home from a busy day, you feel your eyes are somewhat different and have a certain touch of dryness in them. This situation also occurs when you are walking outside on a windy day.
The dirt particles in the wind are responsible for blocking tear ducts in our eyes. These tear ducts are the reason the eyes prevent dryness and discomfort. If you walk in the dusty wind for long, you start getting irritation in your eyes.
Splashing water after passing through the wind can help relieve your eyes off the irritation and the blurry vision that comes with it. Such irritations are typical of a very short time and experienced by many on almost every other day.
But what about the times you feel that your eyes are unusually dry and the weather is not even that windy?
These unusually dry eyes are a condition called the dry eye syndrome. The eyes need the moisture in the form of tears from the glands located under the eyelids of the eyes with a similar name to function properly.
The tears produced by these glands are distributed across your eyes, keeping them moist and functional. These tears then flow into the corner of the eyes in the tear ducts and drain away.
The dry eye syndrome this process of retaining moisture in eyes is disturbed. The tear glands are either unable to produce tears completely or make them in a little quantity not enough for an entire of the eye leaving it dry.
Another condition is where the tears are produced and in enough quantity but are not of a good enough quality and evaporate too fast from the eyes.
The problem is usually seen to be prevalent in people who suffer from specific diseases in old age. Conjunctivitis, diabetes and Sjogren’s syndrome patients have more chances of having dry eye syndrome than others.
Though there are prescribed medicines that can help a person get rid of dry eyes, they can sometimes prove to be a complication that continues throughout life for others.
What Causes Dry Eyes Syndrome?
As mentioned before, you might have felt staying out in the wind or sun for too long dries out your eyes. But this condition is only temporary and last till you wash your face.
Other times, trivial reasons like these can be the reason behind dry eye syndrome for people who generally have sensitive eyes. Staying out in such weather conditions for these people can also increase the risk for dry eyes.
Such people should also be cautious of looking at computer, mobile and television screens for too long. They are generally known for being harmful to eyes health and can also be one of the reasons behind dry eyes.
Pollution and environmental factors can lead to dry eyes. The levels of pollutants in the air and water have increased greatly over time. In addition, smoke from traffic and factories can cause many health problems including dry eye syndrome.
If you wear contact lenses you may be at greater risk for dry eyes. It is a well-known fact that lenses are not usually recommended by doctors over a pair of spectacles. One of the effects of wearing contacts for too long is dry eyes.
Similarly, if you have had a surgery one of the possible complications is chronic eye syndrome. In this situation is necessary to see a doctor because the syndrome might be more dangerous for your eyes especially when they are recovering. Dry eyes usually follow surgeries such as LASIK.
Lastly, some of your usual medicines are known to cause dry eyes and dehydration in the body generally for some people. Antidepressants and antihistamines are known to belong to this category of medication.
For other people, dry eyes are just an inevitable effect of aging and they happen to most of the people in their family.
What Are the Symptoms Of Dry Eyes?
Symptoms of dry eyes are easily detectable as you experience things you have not before in your eyes. Some of these include:
- Redness in eyes
- Observable mucus in or around the affected eyes
- Blurry vision
- Scratchy and dry sensations
- Fatigue in the eyes
- Constant irritation similar to when a foreign particle goes in your eye
- Increased sensitivity (specifically light sensitivity)
- Pain under and on the sides of the eyes
- Swelling under and on top of the eyes
How Is Dry Eye Syndrome?
Though dry eyes can be an irritating problem and distract you from doing whatever work you are trying to do, they can be easily treated by getting rid of the factors that contribute to them. By changing, it does not mean you have to totally change your lifestyle but actually follow different simple steps.
Consider the following when experiencing dry eyes:
Switch the environment
The environment and weather play a big role in blocking the tear glands of your eyes and causing irritation. If you have allergies or eye sensitivity it is important for you to try to avoid going outside in weather conditions that can harm your eyes.
Another way to prevent the damage to your eyes in such situations is to carry appropriate equipment such as a pair of eyewear can be worn when riding a motorbike to avoid excessive air into the eyes.
The omega-3 fatty acid is known for its many benefits in the human body and is suggested to be consumed in a good quantity since the body is unable to make it on its own. One of its advantages is reducing inflammations in the body.
In accordance with studies, increasing the amount of omega-3 fatty acid can help reduce inflammation in the eyes and get rid of dry eyes. You can either take supplements or consume more omega-3 rich foods such as Walnuts, Chia seeds, flaxseed oil or ground flaxseed, soybean oil, palm oil, fatty fish such as tuna, salmon, mackerel, and sardines.
Ointments and drops
There are a number of over the top eye drops that are known to relieve dry eyes in a considerably shorter period of times. One of the best drops available is artificial tears that can also be used when feeling irritation from a walk in the sun.
Ointments, on the other hand, can be of more use than drops as they last longer and work better with dry eyes. However, many of these ointments can be thick and make your vision blurry. Using them at a time you are free or before bed is suggested.
When Should You Consult a Doctor?
Most of the cases of dry eyes are not that serious and can be treated with drops and a few changes such as the ones mentioned above. Sometimes, dry eyes tend to last for a long time. For example, in winters the indoor heating can dry out your eyes.
If you use screens for prolonged periods of time at jobs, you are more likely to have dry eyes as well. Shifting from one climate to another can cause dry eyes are the eyes will take some time to adjust to the new changes.
However, the dry eyes which occur unusually for long periods of time should be checked by a doctor as soon as possible. In a condition like this, watch out for other symptoms such as dry throat, pain in the joints, extreme pain in the eyes and discharge from the eyes.
Any of these can signify other serious health conditions. Remember if the dry eyes do not go away after days of caring, there is another underlying cause then you need to get checked.