Pain in lower right abdomen- why do you feel it?

Pain in lower right abdomen- why do you feel it?

Abdominal pain is linked to countless conditions that may cause a discomfort. Some of them are minor and a few are severe. The severe conditions require immediate medical care so it is necessary to know the differences between two.

The term abdomen is used for the area that is between your chest and pelvis. Many of your vital organs reside in this area such as stomach, liver, intestines, and bladder. At the lower right side, it’s a part of the colon and in women, it has right ovary at that place.

This article will tell you about some major causes of pain in lower right abdomen and how it feels like. Based on the severity, one should seek medical assistance right away.

Common causes of pain in the lower right abdomen

There are so many conditions that may cause you a pain in lower right part of the abdomen. Most of the times there is no serious reason linked and it goes away after some time, on its own. These common reasons to cause pain in the lower right side of the abdomen are as follows.


One of the most common reasons behind this particular type of abdominal pain is indigestion. If the causative agent is indigestion, it also comes with heartburn and flatulence like symptoms.

It is easy to manage indigestion by using the common medicines that don’t require a prescription. If the symptoms prolong for over 1-2 weeks, you may need medical consultancy.

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Intestinal gas

Intestinal gas is caused when your food is not properly digested. It means this undigested food leads to a buildup of gas in intestines. The discomforting feeling is similar to bloating.

The symptoms only last for a couple of hours. But you may feel this gas over weeks. If it is more than 2 weeks and it is not going away, you need to get yourself checked as it could be anything serious like lactose intolerance too.

Menstrual cramps

Menstrual cramps are common before or during a period in women. When cramps are causing the pain, it is persistent until the period lasts. You may also feel pain in thighs, back and running to legs. Sometimes it brings nausea, vomiting, and fatigue as symptoms too. This type of pain comes in wave and lasts till last day of the period. It ends when your period ends.

Severe cases of pain in the lower right abdomen

Talking about the major problems initiating as pain in the lower right belly, there could be many. As already mentioned there are many visceral organs that reside in this particular area. This pain could represent anything such as kidney stones.

Following are health problems that cause severe pain on left side of your abdomen. They need immediate medical care and should be cured with the right type of treatment.


When the abdominal pain is subjected to the lower right side, appendicitis is the most common reason. This is a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and causes pain. The appendix is a tube-like organ, which is attached to large intestine inside your body.

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When appendix is inflammation, the pain doesn’t feel much severe at the start. It just feels like a mild pain arising from the middle part of the belly and spreading to the lower right side where it becomes severe.

It is accompanied by fever, diarrhea, bloating, constipation nausea and related symptoms. When it gets worse, the only treatment is to remove the appendix surgically. Removal of the appendix is not harmful as there is no known function of appendix till the date. Hence removing it doesn’t cause any complications in future.

Kidney infection

The kidney is a large organ of the body, which necessarily needs to be functional for the whole body to work well. Sometimes one or both kidneys become infected with any bacterial strain. This infection feels like extreme pain in lower back, sides and groin area.

This is different from the pain that is caused by kidney stones. Only a complete medical checkup can diagnose the infection and suggest a treatment.

The pain is often associated with kidney stones. The symptoms of these two conditions are similar but kidney infection-related pain is less severe than from kidney stones, but medical attention is required to prevent permanent damage.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are an accumulation of minerals and salt that forms lumps called stones.. they vary in size and small stones are usually not problematic. When they become large in size and move around, they cause extreme pain. This type of pain surrounds lower back, sides, abdomen, and the groin too.

The pain may change its location more than often as the stones move anywhere in the urinary system. Other symptoms such as blood in urine, painful urination, nausea, vomiting and others confirm kidney stones.

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A hernia is a disease caused when any of the body parts pushes and causes a strain on a weak muscle or tissue wall. It forms a small lump like structure. The most common area to have hernia lumps is the abdomen.

A hernia is usually harmless. It may cause cramps or soreness around the lump, which is mainly because of the pressure. It causes a pain, which feels like going to the sides of the lower abdomen.

Irritable bowel syndrome

Sometimes any problem of digestive problems can also cause pain in the abdomen. One of these problems is IBS. The signs of IBS shows like stomach cramps, diarrhea, constipation, gas and bloating.

Gender-specific causes


Some particular gynecological conditions in women, such as endometriosis, can cause abdominal pain.

Ovarian cyst

It is very common for women to have ovarian cysts. These cysts are generally harmless but if they grow large in size they may cause pain in the abdomen. They also cause painful intercourse, frequent and painful urination, heavy or very light periods, bloating etc.


Endometriosis is a very painful condition in which the inner lining tissue of uterus (also called endometrium) grows out of the uterus. It affects ovaries, fallopian tubes and causes extreme abdominal and back pain.

Other signs of endometriosis are severe period pains, painful intercourse, painful urination and bowel movement, nausea etc.

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Pelvic inflammatory disease

The pelvic inflammatory disease affects the genital tract and it feels like abdominal pain. The symptoms are mild and they may include painful intercourse, painful urination, heavy menstrual bleeding, nausea, fever etc.

Ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is a rare condition when the egg fertilizes in outside the womb, generally in one of the fallopian tubes. It causes extreme pain in the abdomen and needs medical care. It also causes vaginal discharge, bleeding, painful urination, diarrhea, and nausea.

Ovarian torsion

In women, sometimes the ovaries are twisted along with their surrounding tissues. It restricts the blood flow, which may cause extreme pain in the lower right side of the abdomen. It also causes painful intercourse, nausea, and irregular or abnormal periods.


An inguinal hernia

Inguinal hernias affect a particular part of the body where the bowel pushes through passages located in the lower abdomen. This hernia is typically found in males. It may show up as a small lump on the top side of the thigh which causes severe lower abdominal pain.

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Testicular torsion

Sometimes, the spermatic cords that are attached to the testicles twists and hinder the blood circulation. This may cause extreme pain in the abdomen along with painful urination, nausea, vomiting, and swelling of the scrotum.

Final word

In many of the cases, pain in the lower right side of the abdomen is not a sign of concern. The common problems like gas, indigestion and menstrual cramps need time to go away on their own and you don’t really need to visit a doctor. If the pain is unbearable and lasts for over 2-3 days, you must seek medical attention right away.



The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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