Congestive heart failure is a condition which it is an abnormal behavior of heart functions. This is a malfunctioning which is most common when the body has weaker heart muscles.
The blood is not circulated properly which may cause a hindrance to blood flow. This initiates a condition called a congestive heart.
The harms of this condition are mainly related to blood circulatory problems. First of all, the organs will be having less blood supply which means that there will be less oxygen supply and mild to severe nutritional deficiency.
For examples, kidneys are prime organ to filter the fluid of the body, making the process of excretion work. When they are short on blood supply, the result is to filter the fluids. These fluids make up in different parts of the body. The congestion is caused by the congestion of extra fluid which is filtered in place of blood when the blood supply is less.
The four heart chambers work altogether for pumping the heart. The upper half has two atria and the lower half has two ventricles. Atria receives blood back from the body whereas ventricles supply the oxygenated blood to the vital organs.
Congestive heart failure develops when the ventricles are unable to pump the sufficient amount of blood to the body. The fluid deposits into vital organs such as lungs, liver, abdomen or any lower body part. This is not a normal condition and it could be life taking.
Types Of CHF
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is categorized with a minor difference. Left-sided CHF is the most common type. It is a condition when the left ventricle is unable to supply the blood to the body. This left-sided Congestive heart failure is of two types.
Systolic heart failure: This condition occurs when the left ventricle is unable to have contractions which are generally required to pump the heart. The force is not so high which results in very less or no push to the blood to reach all organs.
Diastolic failure: It is a similar condition but happens on the other side of the heart. It is also called diastolic dysfunction. The side infected by diastolic failure is the right ventricle. Sometimes both types of the problems occur together. It starts from the left side and eventually the right side is affected too.
What Are The Causes?
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is not just one disease. It is actually a bunch of many infections starting from the imbalanced distribution of blood. Some of the important risk factors for this disease are as follows.
- Congenital heart problems
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Heart infections
- Drug addiction
- Kidney infections
- Age factor
How To Know The Condition?
There are certain symptoms which show up as an earlier sign of the Congestive heart failure (CHF). All the symptoms start from an initial phase and by the time they get severe. Some of the most observed symptoms are.
- Shortness of breath.
- Difficulty in hard physical work
- A persistent cough and chest infection
- Painful swelling
- Low energy levels
- Lethargic feeling
- Unclear mind
- Faster heartbeat
- Irregular blood pressure
All these symptoms prevail together or one by one. The most common to see is swelling and heart issues. In result of the initial condition, one feels difficulty to perform any physical work, exercise or anything which involves increasing the heart rate.
Sometimes people also gain weight which is often linked to obesity and not Congestive heart failure.
What Are The Preventions?
Before you go on medication, remember that the condition can always be controlled at an initial stage. These prevention strategies are lifestyle based mainly. You can do some of the following things.
- Take care of your weight.
- Make a routine of exercise
- Eat fresh.
- Manage the stress.
- Monitor the blood pressure levels
Even after all the preventive measures, yet someone gets the disease, the treatment is most likely to be any of the following.
Blood thinners are often times given to the patients. It prevents the heart to get thick and face any difficulty in circulation.
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are sometimes prescribed which dilutes the blood vessels. It creates sufficient space for the blood to move which makes the chances of the weakening of heart far less.
Anti-platelet drugs are a help which prevents the platelet to attach to each other and form a clog. These types of clogs often times causes blockage and disturb the blood supply.
Beta-blockers are a special type of drugs which reduce the excessively high heart rate. It makes the blood pressure to slow down.
Some medicines for lowering cholesterol are also helpful.
Calcium channel blockers are given to control the force of pumped blood with ease.
Vasodilators to reduce the high amount of oxygen which is required by the heart.
The Alternative Methods
Devices: defibrillator pacemaker left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
Surgery: Angioplasty, Coronary artery bypass surgery, Valve replacement surgery, Heart transplant